SUMMARY Ú بابر نامہ‎

بابر نامہ‎

Zahirud-din Muhammad Babur ↠ 0 SUMMARY

Recedent for a personal narrative now in a sparkling new translation by Islamic scholar Wheeler ThackstonThis Modern Library Paperback Classics edition includes notes indices maps and illustrations This is such a great translation It traces the Turco Persian origins of the Mughal dynasty a sort of mirror for princes The chronology aspects of the text can be a bit tiring a lot of battles and assertion of his own legitimacy during a time when it was in uestion but you get a great deal of insight into Persian kingship and the use of Persian poetry as a courtly expression of emotions

REVIEW بابر نامہ‎

Dia during the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries Babur’s honest and intimate chronicle is the first autobiography in Islamic literature written at a time when there was no historical p The Baburnama isn't something you read from beginning to end Rather it's a book you dip into at random slowly building up a patchwork view of life in what is today Afghanistan Pakistan and India as seen through the eyes of the first Mughal emperor Babur 1483 1530 Now you read about Babur's impressions of India he hates it apart from the gold and mangoes; now about his private life his mother has to force him to visit his wife but he has no hesitation in declaring his love for a dashing Afghan boy Most of all you read about war and the battles between various clans tribes and empires in central and southern Asia A situation that hasn't changed much in 500 years

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Both an official chronicle and the highly personal memoir of the emperor Babur 1483–1530 The Baburnama presents a vivid and extraordinarily detailed picture of life in Afghanistan Pakistan and In This was a good read although if you really hate having loads and loads of names that seem too similar this might be tough going especially at first but if you stick to it it becomes really enjoyable around the middleThis is the memoirs of Babur late 15th and early 16th century founder of the Mughal Empire in India and one of the first Islamic autobiographies existing It shows both the good and the bad sides of him honestly he was both cultured and a warlord The story which is not properly finished starts when he was about 12 from Transoxiana to Samarkand to Kabul and endsing in India; but I think his heart remained in Afghansitan which was given for his oldest son to govern as Babur had to stay in IndiaThe introduction is by Salman Rushdie and there are notes maps and pictures art objects included plus some background explanation The story is in three parts 1 Fergana and Transoxiana his beginnings which show youth and inexperience 2 Kabul and 3 Hindustan first desire of visit recorded in 1505 real visit 1519 with some culture shock then finally going there for good from 1525 onThe text is 23 edited which shows in that some measurements are shown in Indian kind when the text still remains outside it last part is rough draft There are gaps in the story some last a few years and the ends is unfinished though he doesn't die until some years later There are some biographies of certain people of different length including his father's and descriptions of towns and places incl Samarkand Herat Kabul and HindustanThere are plenty of sieges battles conuests forays plottings rebellions Battles including matchlock guns among weapons and in India elephants Descriptions of nature of food like grapes and melons parties hunting incl with falcons and fishing Some poetry is included which was much valued Nature shows in surprising deep snows floods and monsoon rains Two earthuakes are mentionedIt's a slight surprise to notice that Babur isn't uite completely straight his first real sexual desire and a crush is on a boy with almost the same name although this person is never mentioned again nor does Babur give any sign for further same sex desire laterHis bloody side shows in often mentioned beheadings which sometimes are piled together There are sometimes also severe punishments and executions though always for a reason Babur refrains from drink until midpoint when also some light drug taking starts appearing He does give up drinking in 1527 with a pledge of temperance and later expresses the difficulty of sticking to it at firstHe builds things the controversail Babri Masjid mosue's building is not mentioned in the text it's in one of the missing gaps so the true circumstances of it being built cannot be told Anyway he builds a lot of things gardens buildings etc and establishes a post system between Kabul and AgraIn the end after all the facts and names and actions which grow clearer to read and enjoy as I've said it is a really great read and interesting So if you have any interest in reading this I do recommend it


About the Author: Zahirud-din Muhammad Babur

Zahir ud din Muhammad Babur commonly known as Baburwas a military adventurer from Central Asia who rose to power at Kabul after establishing his first kingdom in 1504 From there he built an army and conuered nearby regions until 1526 when he invaded the Lodi Afghan Empire of South Asia and laid the basis for the Mughal EmpireBabur was a descendant of Timur through his father and Genghis



10 thoughts on “بابر نامہ‎

  1. says:

    This was a good read although if you really hate having loads and loads of names that seem too similar this might be tough going especially at first but if you stick to it it becomes really enjoyable around the middleThis is the memoirs of Babur late 15th and early 16th century founder of the Mughal Empire in India and one of the first Islamic autobiographies existing It shows both the good and the bad sides of him honestly he was both cultured and a warlord The story which is not properly finished starts when he was about 12 from Transoxiana to Samarkand to Kabul and endsing in India; but I think his heart remained in Afghansitan which was given for his oldest son to govern as Babur had to stay in IndiaThe introduction is by Salman Rushdie and there are notes maps and pictures art objects included plus some background explanation The story is in three parts 1 Fergana and Transoxiana his beginnings which show youth and inexperience 2 Kabul and 3 Hindustan first desire of visit recorded in 1505 real visit 1519 with some culture shock then finally going there for good from 1525 onThe text is 23 edited which shows in that some measurements are shown in Indian kind when the text still remains outside it last part is rough draft There are gaps in the story some last a few years and the ends is unfinished though he doesn't die until some years later There are some biographies of certain people of different length including his father's and descriptions of towns and places incl Samarkand Herat Kabul and HindustanThere are plenty of sieges battles conuests forays plottings rebellions Battles including matchlock guns among weapons and in India elephants Descriptions of nature of food like grapes and melons parties hunting incl with falcons and fishing Some poetry is included which was much valued Nature shows in surprising deep snows floods and monsoon rains Two earthuakes are mentionedIt's a slight surprise to notice that Babur isn't uite completely straight his first real sexual desire and a crush is on a boy with almost the same name although this person is never mentioned again nor does Babur give any sign for further same sex desire laterHis bloody side shows in often mentioned beheadings which sometimes are piled together There are sometimes also severe punishments and executions though always for a reason Babur refrains from drink until midpoint when also some light drug taking starts appearing He does give up drinking in 1527 with a pledge of temperance and later expresses the difficulty of sticking to it at firstHe builds things the controversail Babri Masjid mosue's building is not mentioned in the text it's in one of the missing gaps so the true circumstances of it being built cannot be told Anyway he builds a lot of things gardens buildings etc and establishes a post system between Kabul and AgraIn the end after all the facts and names and actions which grow clearer to read and enjoy as I've said it is a really great read and interesting So if you have any interest in reading this I do recommend it


  2. says:

    if you can avoid the parts where he names everybody he meets and their fathers and grandfathers and dogs and cats this is an excellent read


  3. says:

    According to translatorgrand old man of Persian and various other languages Wheeler Thackston Babur's memoirs were the first and until relatively recent times the only true autobiography in Islamic literature No one knows why this TimuridChingisid heir from Andijan in what is now Uzbekistan's portion of the Ferghana Valley decided to write a candid history of his life Modern especially western readers used to centuries of self examination in print might not grasp the magnitude of what Babur did But it is amazing to read the recollections of a 15th16th century conueror and see a frank and nearly complete rendering of the many facets of his lifeBabur relates how he was driven out of Ferghana by the Uzbeks and his suabbling relatives his conuest and loss of Samarand his flight to Afghanistan and conuest of Kabul and Kandahar—after which he assumed the title of Padishah—his forays into Hindustan his conuest of the Sultanate of Delhi and other Hindustani territories and his consolidation of these holdings That story is known to the history books and can actually be tedious reading as Babur constantly drops names—names of towns villages warriors Begs Rajas Khans relatives—until you're not certain if your still reading about the same place or individual as your were a few moments before However it is what he reveals about himself his worldview habits attitudes toward religion bravery marriage penmanship war etc that makes the Baburnama worth readingBabur emerges from his memoirs as a real person not a two dimensional fictional character He's a collection of contradictions He's a pious Muslim but loves wine In fact he spends a lot of time describing wine parties—the beautiful garden or river raft they took place on—and the antics of those who attended Yet he also recounts how he forswore alcohol in later years—only to regret it In one interesting anecdote on poetry another of his favorite topics Babur notes that he and some drinking buddies had made some vulgarrisue verse while inflamed with wine He then notes that he truly regrets the incident and declares that poetry should be above such crude behavior Of course even after swearing off demon alcohol Babur still regularly enjoyed the narcotic ma'jun whatever that is discoursing on how stoned it made him and how beautiful it made the pomegranateother trees in one of his many gardens look He also tells the tale of how he had to take opium to relieve the pain from an abcessthat and that the beauty of the moonlight induced him to in another apparent contradiction Babur regularly lambasts the widespread pederasty of Central Asia but then cryptically notes his affection for a certain young man Babur comes off as a cultured Timurid constantly laying out gardens composing verse chastising his grown son and heir for his poor penmanship and letter writing skills decribing animals fruits and flowers Yet he also tells gory tales of violence where rebel villages are decimated and conuered cities are marked with skull pyramids something typical of his forefather Amir Timur In telling the fate of those who plotted to assassinate him the Padishah seems to relish in the gruesomeness of their demise—I believe someone was flayed alive while another was trod on by an elephant Of course this killing was done under his authority as an heir to the Timurid dynasty and given his rigid attention to proper decorum regarding the ruling hierarchy—the clothes each rank should wear how they should genuflectotherwise show respect to betters what sort of gifts the lesser should bring to the greater—it should not seem a surprise that he never considers his bloodshed excessive or criminal To expect him to do so would be to anachronistically impose 21st century values on a 15th16th century man


  4. says:

    The Baburnama isn't something you read from beginning to end Rather it's a book you dip into at random slowly building up a patchwork view of life in what is today Afghanistan Pakistan and India as seen through the eyes of the first Mughal emperor Babur 1483 1530 Now you read about Babur's impressions of India he hates it apart from the gold and mangoes; now about his private life his mother has to force him to visit his wife but he has no hesitation in declaring his love for a dashing Afghan boy Most of all you read about war and the battles between various clans tribes and empires in central and southern Asia A situation that hasn't changed much in 500 years


  5. says:

    In the month of Ramadan in the year 899 June 1494 in the province of Fergana in my 12th year I became kingZaheer ud Din Muhammad Babur the first Mughal Emperor who built this great dynasty to rule for 300 years in Hindustan Baburnama essentially known as Tuzk i Baburi is most probably considered the first ever Autobiography to be written by a Muslim Emperor His diaries explores what it was like to live life in 16th century central Asia; it captures who Babur was in real life what were his aims and objectives where did he come from how much further he wanted to go how his senses were sharpened by his amazing ancestry and background His father came from Amir Timur's son Miran Shah's line and his mother from Genghis Khan and his ability to fluently speak Turk and Persian This book captures how horribly violent life was in Babur's era how he fought wars with armies much in number from his mere thousands His narrative is introspective a look at his own life his shortcomings his downfalls his triumphs and tragedies He wasn't just ferocious as a warrior Babur's humbleness is touching his sensitivity towards some of the most simplest of things his love and care for the women of his family and his sense of awe and appreciation of beauty in the world The last part of Baburnama gets melancholic Babur is a sole ruler of Hindustan now a great Sultanat; but it's cities are unpleasant for Babur A melon sent from Kabul made him weep at the thought of all that he had lost the cities of Kabul and Samarkand and his youth His love for Kabul is reminiscent throughout the book where he firstly established his rule all his children were born there This book is a treasure and a source of immense nostalgia for anyone who's interested in knowing about the original Mughal – Babur This translation was amazing because it had a lot of explanations pictures and marginal notes to help understand better as it gets tricky at some places with all the names and new people Babur keeps mentioningTo encounter the private thoughts of a great Emperor like Babur is a uniue experience and I am so delving into it right now My nostalgia for the original Mughals is unending for some unknown reason Ps His description of the animals and fruits of Hindustan is just mouth watering


  6. says:

    This is an excellent translation of a most compelling book the autobiography of the founder of the Moghul empire If you ever wondered how feudalism actually works this is the book for you Far from leading a life soley devoted to luxury and dancing girls Babur is busy keeping his retinue in line and ensuring that the various challenges to his power are properly responded toThe book is disarmingly honest reporting drinking parties and drug taking as well as battles and disloyalty by those sworn to fealty


  7. says:

    Long before Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal for his beloved there was a Great Moghul who began it all Babur a descendant of both Genghis Khan and Tamerlane who first established Mughal rule over India His claim to fame rests on three things the story of his death the controversy over the mosue that he built and the Baburnama the first and only autobiography in Islamic literature until the 19th century It is a vast complex narrative of an extraordinarily eventful life full of battles and conuests as befit his status as a Timurid prince in search of a realm but also of moonlit drinking parties filled with poetry and music The first Mughal emperor is both a sensitive man of culture deeply versed in Persian classical literature and a ruthless Ghazi ‘Slayer of the Infidels’ who reveled in erecting towers of skulls from the severed heads of his enemies He sees no contradiction whatsoever between these different aspects of his personality and is disarmingly frank even at times confessional about his weaknesses such as his fondness for wine and the narcotic ma’jun which he often indulged in between bouts of hunting and military expeditions Born as a minor prince in what is now Uzbekistan Babur is a scion of the Timurids a dynasty established by Tamerlane which had ruled over much of Central Asia since the 14th century The Timurid princes were constantly engaged in territorial battles and from his early teens Babur had been embroiled in the complex ever shifting intrigues between his blood relatives More than once he had succeeded in holding and losing Samarkand and on several occasions desperately holding on to his life after being defeated by stronger rivals Necessity turned him toward the north to Afghanistan which he conuered at the age of 23 Several years later he made his first foray into Hindustan a much larger and wealthier realm that he finally conuered than two decades later He famously loathed his new realm complaining about its heat and dust pining for his beloved Kabul where he was eventually buried A man of lively curiosity he wrote about the flora and fauna of India its landscapes and rivers and of its native princes and their palaces and temples He destroyed naked idols that offended his Muslim sensibility and allegedly built a mosue in Ayodhya which later became a bone of contention between Muslims and Hindu extremists who believed that the mosue stood on the birthplace of Rama an avatar of VishnuHe died at the age of 47 not long after conuering India The following is Amitav Ghosh’s retelling of the legend of Babur’s death“Of the many stories told of Babur none is wonderful than that of his death In 1530 Humayun Babur’s beloved eldest son and heir apparent was stricken by a fever He was brought immediately to Babur’s court at Agra but despite the best efforts of the royal physicians his condition steadily worsened Driven to despair Babur consulted a man of religion who told him that the remedy was to give in alms the most valuable thing one had and to seek cure from GodBabur is said to have replied thus I am the most valuable thing that Humayun possesses; than me he has no better thing; I shall make myself a sacrifice for him May God the Creator accept it Greatly distressed Babur’s courtiers and friends tried to explain that the sage had meant that he should give away money or gold or a piece of property Humayun possessed a priceless diamond they said which could be sold and the proceeds given to the poorBabur would not hear of it What value has worldly wealth? Babur is uoted to have said And how can it be a redemption for Humayun? I myself shall be his sacrifice He walked three times around Humayun’s bed praying O God If a life may be exchanged for a life I who am Babur I give my life and my being for a Humayun A few minutes later he cried We have borne it away we have borne it awayAnd sure enough from that moment Babur began to sicken while Humayun grew slowly well Babur died near Agra on December 21 1530 He left orders for his body to be buried in Kabul”Baburnama is a fascinating glimpse into the mind of a medieval warrior and emperor especially for those with interest in Indian history but parts of it is also a challenging read for the general reader As EM Forster observed the greatest difficulty in reading it is not caused by the language which had been translated into modern even collouial English but is caused by the seemingly relentless onslaught of unfamiliar names of people and places


  8. says:

    Babur founder of the Mughal Empire is one of the most influential figures in medieval history This journal reveals deep insights into his experiences and his values He could be brutal and forgiving He could be poetic and base He could abstain from wine and throw tremendous and wild celebrations In short his is an interesting lifeWithin the journal itself there are many revealing points At various points Babur can be uite poetic in his descriptions Providing a uick biography of Abu Said Mirza he writes “He was very generous He was affable elouent and sweet spoken and bold Outdistancing all his warriors he got to work with his own sword twice—at the Gate of Akhsi and at the Gate of Shahrukhiya A mediocre archer he was strong in the fist—not a man but fell to his blow Due to his ambition peace was exchanged often for war friendliness for hostility” 10 A lovelier description of an agitator I cannot conceive Babur also clearly valued poetry and language He uotes extensively throughout his journal A favorite uotation of mine comes when he describes the Samarkandis and their disposition after the transition from Sultan Ahmad Mirza to His Highness the Khwaja Ahrari“Beware the build up of an inward woundFor it will at last burst forth;Avoid while you can distress to one heartFor a single moan can uake the Earth” Gulistan Part 1 Story 27The journal is littered with such uotations as well as what I can only assume are his own inventions Babur clearly valued wisdom and languageAfter the surrender of Samarkand and his escape to Dizak he writes” I have been transported five times from toil to rest and from hardship to comfort This was the first” 81 Indeed the interesting part for me regarding Babur’s establishment of the Mughal empire was the circuitous route that it took I had always had the impression that he swept through territories in a mass of victories but this could not be further from the truth Multiple times Babur was reduced to almost nothing and yet he kept returningBabur always comments on the fruits and other agricultural ualities of the area Strange to us today he praises the uality of the fruits in Kabul and the wines that can be found thereUltimately Babur’s philosophy over the territories that he conuered can be summed up by this verse he writes in his journal on the Domain of Kabul “Where one submits like a subject treat him well; But he who submits not strike strip crush and force like hell” 218 This is an incredibly interesting journal and it tells a story that I think would surprise most readers


  9. says:

    This is such a great translation It traces the Turco Persian origins of the Mughal dynasty a sort of mirror for princes The chronology aspects of the text can be a bit tiring a lot of battles and assertion of his own legitimacy during a time when it was in uestion but you get a great deal of insight into Persian kingship and the use of Persian poetry as a courtly expression of emotions


  10. says:

    What an incredible read Babur's impact on India is unuestionable and the nonchalance with which he outlines his incredible ambition and campaigns really speak to his strength as a leader I found myself trying to slow down and savour every detail outlined in this book


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