CHARACTERS Baby Led Weaning 100

Baby Led Weaning

SUMMARY Baby Led Weaning

A global phenomenon and this tenth anniversary edition of the definitive guide explains all its benefitsBaby participates in family meals right from the start and learns to love a variety of foodsNutritious milk feedings continue while Baby transitions to solids at his or her own paceBy self feeding Baby d This is another book that I had already read most of but just read the final chapter today The premise of BLW is that you wait to start offering solids until babies are at least 6 months old sitting up on their own and can reach for food on their own From there the baby directs their own exploration of solid foods You skip the purées and sit them at the table with you for mealtimes Give them things they can handle themselves and avoid choking hazards and unsafe foods such as raw vegetables or nuts I like that it gives the baby control of when they are ready to move on from mouthing and exploring foods to actually eating and enjoying them I have been doing BLW with my little one and mealtimes are always fun and low key You don’t cajole the baby to eat anything; instead just offer the food and let them eat what they need without trying to force them to eat This book also emphasizes that “food before one is just for fun” because milk feedings are the most important source of calories until then One of the premises of this method of introducing solids is that the baby is likely to be an adventurous eater My child loves flavorful foods such as chili lentil casserole and hummus She even eats roasted broccoliIn conclusion I am glad I saw this book at the library before we started solids and recommend it

REVIEW ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ´ Gill Rapley

Evelops hand eye coordination chewing skills and confidencePlus this edition is updated with the latest research on allergy prevention and feeding Baby safely a guide to using BLW at daycare and much Here is everything you need to know about teaching your child healthy eating habits that will last a lifetim Good information but I think the expanded parts of the fully revised and expanded edition didn’t need to be there Felt pretty repetitive Droit et environnement social au Maghreb prevention and feeding Baby safely a guide to using BLW at daycare and much Here is everything you need to know about teaching your child healthy eating habits that will last a lifetim Good information but I think the expanded Les musulmans dans la laïcité: Responsabilités et droits des musulmans dans les sociétés occidentales parts of the fully revised and expanded edition didn’t need to be there Felt Droit Musulman, Vol. 2: Recueil de Lois Concernant Les Musulmans Schyites (Classic Reprint) pretty repetitive

Gill Rapley ´ 0 CHARACTERS

Baby led weaning is the healthy natural way to start your baby on solid foods no stress no fuss no mush Ten years ago Baby Led Weaning ended the myth that babies need to be spoon fed purées In fact at about six months most babies are ready to discover solid food for themselves Today baby led weaning BLW is I picked up this book for both personal and professional reasons As a parent of a baby now toddler and a speech language pathologist I wanted to know about what baby led weaning was for my own child but also in my field While I don't work in Birth to Three I often evaluate 2 year olds I also regularly talk with parents of children on my caseload who may ask me about the child's younger sibling that's a baby or may ask me what I think about baby led weaning What I liked Overall there are a lot of great suggestions in here I appreciated the push to have baby be a part of mealtime early on to let them safely play with food and feel different textures and shapes learning all the while I also strongly agree with babiesall children eating what their parents eat and I'm sick of this idea that kids are somehow born only desiring chicken nuggets and mac and cheese I mean really don't we all want chicken nuggets and mac and cheese But kids can eat anything they don't need separate kids meals I also enjoyed the idea that this can help all families eat healthier as you set an example for your children in the meals you eat and the snacks you have on hand Finally I definitely agree with the safety issues concerning spoons of puree entering a baby's mouth when they're not ready for it and the swallowing risk this poses What I didn't like For a book that talked about studies and research I saw very little I know it wasn't meant to be a textbook just a book parents can easily read but footnotes or endnotes or something would have given me confidence Speaking of science the idea of a healthy or balanced diet given in this book eg eat something from each of these food groups everyday seems to be based on the 90's food pyramid or something similar I am really sick of hearing about how whole grains are so important when the nutrients you get from them can easily be gotten elsewhere and most kids in America are eating too many carbohydrates as it is The books or articles I have read about eating grains were packed full of much scientific research and studies than this one was While yes I still eat some bread and my child can too I'm not going to pretend this is essential to our nutrition when it's not I was most frustrated by how information in this book seemed to conflict with each other The book had a section about sugar and salt that was important because babies can only have a certain amount safely Yet later in the book when it talks about going out to eat or letting your child eat your food at home it talks about babies having soup and other food items that are typically higher in sodium It's almost impossible to make or find soup that has a low enough level of sodium for a baby and is flavorful enough the family actually wants to eat it as well Not to mention the fact that food from restaurants typically has sodium and they don't typically put the amount of sodium on the menu so you have no idea how much is in your food For me I don't mind this but if it's for my very small child I want to know how much is there so they can digest it safely So you're not supposed to make separate food for your child yet you're supposed to somehow make sure they don't get too much sodium or sugar while still enjoying any meal you like at a restaurant Okay now to my real beef with this book that is probably mainly personal One of the big bonuses of baby led weaning is that a child is supposed to be exposed to a wide variety of foods flavors etc at an early age This was a big focus for me because I wanted my child to be able to try a bunch of different foods and flavors even if they didn't end up liking all of them However if we had done solely baby led weaning I can guarantee our child would have been exposed to fewer foods and flavors We have been doing a somewhat mixed approach purees and finger foodsbaby led weaning I agree with the book that homemade purees are wayyyy too much work and store bought purees contain metals so we used a company that makes fresh all organic purees that are frozen and shipped to your door I am not going to name the company because this isn't an ad but it was a lifesaver Our child was exposed to a huge variety of foods way than if they had just eaten everything my husband and I eat Sure we eat a variety of foods though that's much harder during a pandemic but there are certain foods I don't like or my husband doesn't like so I never would have had around for my child to try eg uinoa Not to mention the variety and cost of buying a variety of fruits and veggies out of season just so my child could be exposed to them Because we used this company our child got to try a bunch of different foods from 6 months on including foods and flavors like pitaya hemp avocado oil beets mango spinach banana carrots buckwheat uinoa cinnamon pear ginger prunes chia seeds pumpkin avocado green apple broccoli basil sweet potato flax seed strawberries blueberries rhubarb etc While using the puree we also encouraged our child to guide the spoon to their mouth or helped them guide it so they were swallowing safely instead of shoving it in their mouth The company's food containers also come with small spoons that are the perfect size for a baby to hold as well as hold the right amount of food Also the purees were not all the same consistency so there was some exposure to different textures again not an ad I'm just a big fan However we did also use finger foods and some baby led weaning first foods so that our child would still experience a range of textures and meat protein Each family has to do what works for them If you want your child to be exposed to a bunch of different food and you know your diet is super varied then doing just baby led weaning might be for you But for us especially during a pandemic I was happy we took a different approach Intégrer L'Islam - La France , ses musulmans : Enjeux et réussites purées In fact at about six months most babies are ready to discover solid food for themselves Today baby led weaning BLW is I L'Islam picked up this book for both La Sexualité en islam personal and Les Mosquées de Roissy professional reasons As a Maudites parent of a baby now toddler and a speech language La France en danger d'Islam pathologist I wanted to know about what baby led weaning was for my own child but also in my field While I don't work in Birth to Three I often evaluate 2 year olds I also regularly talk with Le Coran, 12e édition parents of children on my caseload who may ask me about the child's younger sibling that's a baby or may ask me what I think about baby led weaning What I liked Overall there are a lot of great suggestions in here I appreciated the Islam et politique à l'âge classique push to have baby be a Les banlieues de l'islam : Naissance d'une religion en France part of mealtime early on to let them safely Demain, l'islam de France play with food and feel different textures and shapes learning all the while I also strongly agree with babiesall children eating what their Histoire de l'islam et des musulmans en France du Moyen Age à nos jours parents eat and I'm sick of this idea that kids are somehow born only desiring chicken nuggets and mac and cheese I mean really don't we all want chicken nuggets and mac and cheese But kids can eat anything they don't need separate kids meals I also enjoyed the idea that this can help all families eat healthier as you set an example for your children in the meals you eat and the snacks you have on hand Finally I definitely agree with the safety issues concerning spoons of L'Expédition d'Egypte (1798-1801) (Points Histoire t. 244) puree entering a baby's mouth when they're not ready for it and the swallowing risk this L'Islam médiéval : Religion et civilisation poses What I didn't like For a book that talked about studies and research I saw very little I know it wasn't meant to be a textbook just a book Différente comme tout le monde parents can easily read but footnotes or endnotes or something would have given me confidence Speaking of science the idea of a healthy or balanced diet given in this book eg eat something from each of these food groups everyday seems to be based on the 90's food La vie quotidienne à La Mecque : De Mahomet à nos jours pyramid or something similar I am really sick of hearing about how whole grains are so important when the nutrients you get from them can easily be gotten elsewhere and most kids in America are eating too many carbohydrates as it is The books or articles I have read about eating grains were Islam et interdits alimentaires. Juguler l'animalité packed full of much scientific research and studies than this one was While yes I still eat some bread and my child can too I'm not going to La France et l'islam depuis 1789 pretend this is essential to our nutrition when it's not I was most frustrated by how information in this book seemed to conflict with each other The book had a section about sugar and salt that was important because babies can only have a certain amount safely Yet later in the book when it talks about going out to eat or letting your child eat your food at home it talks about babies having soup and other food items that are typically higher in sodium It's almost impossible to make or find soup that has a low enough level of sodium for a baby and is flavorful enough the family actually wants to eat it as well Not to mention the fact that food from restaurants typically has sodium and they don't typically Le christianisme, le judaïsme, l'islam et la pensée occidentale put the amount of sodium on the menu so you have no idea how much is in your food For me I don't mind this but if it's for my very small child I want to know how much is there so they can digest it safely So you're not supposed to make separate food for your child yet you're supposed to somehow make sure they don't get too much sodium or sugar while still enjoying any meal you like at a restaurant Okay now to my real beef with this book that is Ecrire et transmettre dans les débuts de l'Islam probably mainly La France et ses musulmans : Un siècle de politique musulmane (1895-2005) personal One of the big bonuses of baby led weaning is that a child is supposed to be exposed to a wide variety of foods flavors etc at an early age This was a big focus for me because I wanted my child to be able to try a bunch of different foods and flavors even if they didn't end up liking all of them However if we had done solely baby led weaning I can guarantee our child would have been exposed to fewer foods and flavors We have been doing a somewhat mixed approach Dictionnaire des groupes religieux aujourd'hui : Religions, églises, sectes, nouveaux mouvements religieux, mouvement spiritualistes purees and finger foodsbaby led weaning I agree with the book that homemade Liberté, égalité, Islam : La République face au communautarisme purees are wayyyy too much work and store bought La Pensée arabe purees contain metals so we used a company that makes fresh all organic La France des Mosquées purees that are frozen and shipped to your door I am not going to name the company because this isn't an ad but it was a lifesaver Our child was exposed to a huge variety of foods way than if they had just eaten everything my husband and I eat Sure we eat a variety of foods though that's much harder during a L'Exégèse coranique pandemic but there are certain foods I don't like or my husband doesn't like so I never would have had around for my child to try eg uinoa Not to mention the variety and cost of buying a variety of fruits and veggies out of season just so my child could be exposed to them Because we used this company our child got to try a bunch of different foods from 6 months on including foods and flavors like Pourquoi j'ai cessé d'être islamiste : Itinéraire au cœur de l'islam en France (Mise au point) pitaya hemp avocado oil beets mango spinach banana carrots buckwheat uinoa cinnamon Le livre des indésirés pear ginger L'Islam en France : Les musulmans dans la communauté nationale prunes chia seeds Les religions africaines pumpkin avocado green apple broccoli basil sweet La politique musulmane de la France au XXe siècle : De l'Hexagone aux terres d'Islam - Espoirs, réussites, échecs potato flax seed strawberries blueberries rhubarb etc While using the Entre Islam et Occident.: Entretiens avec G. D.Khoury. puree we also encouraged our child to guide the spoon to their mouth or helped them guide it so they were swallowing safely instead of shoving it in their mouth The company's food containers also come with small spoons that are the Louis Massignon (TEMPUS t. 414) perfect size for a baby to hold as well as hold the right amount of food Also the L'Islam positif. La religions des jeunes musulmans de France purees were not all the same consistency so there was some exposure to different textures again not an ad I'm just a big fan However we did also use finger foods and some baby led weaning first foods so that our child would still experience a range of textures and meat XXI N° 6, PRINTEMPS 2009 : Dans le bleu de l'Islam protein Each family has to do what works for them If you want your child to be exposed to a bunch of different food and you know your diet is super varied then doing just baby led weaning might be for you But for us especially during a Islam, l'épreuve française (TRIBUNE LIBRE) pandemic I was happy we took a different approach


10 thoughts on “Baby Led Weaning

  1. says:

    I picked up this book for both personal and professional reasons As a parent of a baby now toddler and a speech language pathologist I wanted to know about what baby led weaning was for my own child but also in my field While I don't work in Birth to Three I often evaluate 2 year olds I also regularly talk with parents of children on my caseload who may ask me about the child's younger sibling that's a baby or may ask me what I think about baby led weaning What I liked Overall there are a lot of great suggestions in here I appreciated the push to have baby be a part of mealtime early on to let them safely play with food and feel different textures and shapes learning all the while I also strongly agree with babiesall children eating what their parents eat and I'm sick of this idea that kids are somehow born only desiring chicken nuggets and mac and cheese I mean really don't we all want chicken nuggets and mac and cheese? But kids can eat anything they don't need separate kids meals I also enjoyed the idea that this can help all families eat healthier as you set an example for your children in the meals you eat and the snacks you have on hand Finally I definitely agree with the safety issues concerning spoons of puree entering a baby's mouth when they're not ready for it and the swallowing risk this poses What I didn't like For a book that talked about studies and research I saw very little I know it wasn't meant to be a textbook just a book parents can easily read but footnotes or endnotes or something would have given me confidence Speaking of science the idea of a healthy or balanced diet given in this book eg eat something from each of these food groups everyday seems to be based on the 90's food pyramid or something similar I am really sick of hearing about how whole grains are so important when the nutrients you get from them can easily be gotten elsewhere and most kids in America are eating too many carbohydrates as it is The books or articles I have read about eating grains were packed full of much scientific research and studies than this one was While yes I still eat some bread and my child can too I'm not going to pretend this is essential to our nutrition when it's not I was most frustrated by how information in this book seemed to conflict with each other The book had a section about sugar and salt that was important because babies can only have a certain amount safely Yet later in the book when it talks about going out to eat or letting your child eat your food at home it talks about babies having soup and other food items that are typically higher in sodium It's almost impossible to make or find soup that has a low enough level of sodium for a baby and is flavorful enough the family actually wants to eat it as well Not to mention the fact that food from restaurants typically has sodium and they don't typically put the amount of sodium on the menu so you have no idea how much is in your food For me I don't mind this but if it's for my very small child I want to know how much is there so they can digest it safely So you're not supposed to make separate food for your child yet you're supposed to somehow make sure they don't get too much sodium or sugar while still enjoying any meal you like at a restaurant Okay now to my real beef with this book that is probably mainly personal One of the big bonuses of baby led weaning is that a child is supposed to be exposed to a wide variety of foods flavors etc at an early age This was a big focus for me because I wanted my child to be able to try a bunch of different foods and flavors even if they didn't end up liking all of them However if we had done solely baby led weaning I can guarantee our child would have been exposed to fewer foods and flavors We have been doing a somewhat mixed approach purees and finger foodsbaby led weaning I agree with the book that homemade purees are wayyyy too much work and store bought purees contain metals so we used a company that makes fresh all organic purees that are frozen and shipped to your door I am not going to name the company because this isn't an ad but it was a lifesaver Our child was exposed to a huge variety of foods way than if they had just eaten everything my husband and I eat Sure we eat a variety of foods though that's much harder during a pandemic but there are certain foods I don't like or my husband doesn't like so I never would have had around for my child to try eg uinoa Not to mention the variety and cost of buying a variety of fruits and veggies out of season just so my child could be exposed to them Because we used this company our child got to try a bunch of different foods from 6 months on including foods and flavors like pitaya hemp avocado oil beets mango spinach banana carrots buckwheat uinoa cinnamon pear ginger prunes chia seeds pumpkin avocado green apple broccoli basil sweet potato flax seed strawberries blueberries rhubarb etc While using the puree we also encouraged our child to guide the spoon to their mouth or helped them guide it so they were swallowing safely instead of shoving it in their mouth The company's food containers also come with small spoons that are the perfect size for a baby to hold as well as hold the right amount of food Also the purees were not all the same consistency so there was some exposure to different textures again not an ad I'm just a big fan However we did also use finger foods and some baby led weaning first foods so that our child would still experience a range of textures and meat protein Each family has to do what works for them If you want your child to be exposed to a bunch of different food and you know your diet is super varied then doing just baby led weaning might be for you But for us especially during a pandemic I was happy we took a different approach


  2. says:

    I confess that I came to this book as already a practitioner My wife learned about this approach hence BLW from a fellow school teacher my wife has primarily worked at the nurserykindergarten level She acuired a copy of this book read it and put it into practice with our first child As I was working on my doctoral dissertation at the time she gave me a verbal precis of the book and I learned from her as we implemented the book's suggestions with our first son Frankly as soon as I was told that I wouldn't have to spend any time shoving puree in my son's face I was sold on the approach and introducing solid foods to him was among the easiest aspects of parenting I have tried this approach and it really works Although we received a certain level of surprise and wonder from mostly childless friends and family we did not encounter any resistance or opposition from any of them and the results uickly spoke for themselves Again I owe a huge debt to my wife whose considerable experience with small children as a teacher means that I follow her lead as much as I can with the cognitiveemotional aspects of parentingOur first born now almost 4 has become on the whole a superb eater and not really picky at all save an aversion to spicy foods that is somewhat inexplicable given that my wife and I enjoy moderately spicy foods and gave them to him to his enjoyment throughout the BLW period He may now be receptive to trying out such foods Given that some give and take is probably inevitable with child rearing we have accepted this limitation given his enthusiasm for eating meat fruit veggies and other things Now that we have a second son and that I am done with the dissertation my wife encouraged me to actually read the book although we needed a replacement copy as we lent our first copy to a new parent acuaintance who never returned it It was good to refresh my knowledge of BLW and I was on the whole very impressed with the book as a how to guide I confess that I as a whole try to avoid such works as I find the level of prose pedestrian as it is written to be accessible to a wide range of readers personally I find that in keeping with the outlook of the authors of the present work accessible prose can turn out to be like the bland purees that turn babies off People want a surmountable challenge I also don't like the many manuals that posit a specific rigid system the one right way Indeed FW Taylor's Scientific Management book which I had to read for a class is a classic example of this tropeWith our second son there was no uestion of starting BLW starting at 4 months he just started taking food from our plates and interacting with it Recently one Saturday I went out to lunch with him and two old friends and to their astonishment my son began helping himself to my food and I just held him in my lap and tore off manipulable chunks for him to work on Rapley and Murkett the authors of this book argue that most parents with than one child generally fall into a folk BLW approach as the second and later children all see their older sibling or siblings eating solid food as well We brought our second child to the dinner table much earlier than the first and I suspect this had something to do with it So probably most parents who have a second child regardless of how they weaned the first should read this book as the second child will on their own initiate BLWAs a how to I highly approve of this book because it is not a rigid manual full of admonitions shame and rigid proscriptions but is instead an approach a generalized philosophy of how to think about the problem and a spectrum of tools and techniues that work I know that this can be anxiety provoking as many people including myself at times often just want a fixed procedure to follow However as the authors argue and as I have encountered myself fixed procedures will not work in this case Children are inherently somewhat chaotic they don't know how some things work and they cannot often be told at least not in the way one would tell an adult Having mostly taught myself woodworking I well appreciate the anxiety provoked by being told there is no one system just take these tools and cobble something together Nonetheless that is exactly what a parent should do and this book really outlines the best approach All I can say from experience is that the process of babies learning to eat is very open ended it will take many months babies have very good mechanisms to protect themselves as the book explores and in the end it is best to keep plugging away and roll with the punches Each baby will be different so the only thing for it is to learn each baby in turn While our successful BLW with our first son has greatly increased our confidence our second son is a very different person and we are currently learning who he is as an eater The key is that the baby remain safe throughout this process and so the parts of this book to really focus on are how to enable the baby's own strong defenses against choking to work properly This knowledge and Rapley and Murkett's great suggestions for how to make food physically compatible with their needs sticks of meat and vegetables etc are really the most important basic elements to follow the rest consists of the other key soft skills to reduce the workload and demands on the parent and increase the happiness of the baby Those are the important things to take care of the rest get sorted out in the process of learning Again and again the authors show through story vignettes that each baby is uniue and is therefore a uniue challenge and a joy It is important to emphasize joy Once one has overcome the natural and inevitable anxiety involved with beginning this transition to solid foods it can be a real joy to watch the baby explore and enjoy food especially good and healthy foods I personally love watching the complete focus that both my sons brought to eating partially because I myself tend to be like that still with things I enjoy doing but I never see myself in the process One thing the book doesn't spend time on but which we have noticed is that our oldest who is now watching our second child beginning BLW is the most nervous parent of us and is often alarmed at things that we take in stride Managing his emotions is in fact one of the salient things we are doing this time around Another thing about this book is that like most books in this genre it tends to emphasize the good nearly to the exclusion of all else so that it can almost sound like a As Seen On TV ad It slices it dices To some extent this is natural because it is selling an approach and trying to do so in the face of an existing regime of spoon feeding and considerable lack of knowledge This is fine as far as it goes However it is important not to forget that parenting is a multi layered and complex enterprise I cannot say that we eliminated emotional battles over food some necessary others not or had an entirely golden road because that will never happen with parenting or any human enterprise What I can say without a doubt is that for all the warts with doing anything the experience of doing BLW with one child and starting with another is as literally messy as it can be is something that we enjoyed doing and look back on and look forward to with great fondnessThis book is highly recommended


  3. says:

    I am convinced to try the approach To update later on how it went The book is purely anecdote and common sense based Unfortunately there is still no science on baby led weaning since it exists since some 2010 3 stars because I prefer “dense” books all the repetitions could be cut out Still useful if you are doubting if you want to try BLW and prepare the arguments “to fight” grandparents and other doubters


  4. says:

    Informative but biasedI found this book informative about BLW I found out about BLW after I already started purees so I wanted to do some research and this book was recommended to me It's very informative and helps parents learn the ins and outs of BLW Unfortunately like most parenting advice books it's an all or nothing approach There was a section in the book that addresses using BLW after already being on purees for a few months and the response was basically well I mean your baby COULD benefit from it But their chance to learn about different textures is already gone so I guess you could still use BLW if you wanted but you will have a hard time I found this response strange as humans are capable of learning new things and acuiring new skills well into our 90s and beyond but for some reason babies are only capable of learning about new textures and a new way of eating at EXACTLY 6 months and no later So if your goal is to learn about BLW I would suggest this book but don't make it your Bible Take the info that works for you and your baby and don't be mislead by the all or nothingness approach Btw I tried BLW for the first time today and my daughter loved it She really enjoyed discovering her avocado unmashed and her omelette My dog enjoyed the dropped pieces too 😆 BLW really beings the ENTIRE family to the table haha


  5. says:

    This is another book that I had already read most of but just read the final chapter today The premise of BLW is that you wait to start offering solids until babies are at least 6 months old sitting up on their own and can reach for food on their own From there the baby directs their own exploration of solid foods You skip the purées and sit them at the table with you for mealtimes Give them things they can handle themselves and avoid choking hazards and unsafe foods such as raw vegetables or nuts I like that it gives the baby control of when they are ready to move on from mouthing and exploring foods to actually eating and enjoying them I have been doing BLW with my little one and mealtimes are always fun and low key You don’t cajole the baby to eat anything; instead just offer the food and let them eat what they need without trying to force them to eat This book also emphasizes that “food before one is just for fun” because milk feedings are the most important source of calories until then One of the premises of this method of introducing solids is that the baby is likely to be an adventurous eater My child loves flavorful foods such as chili lentil casserole and hummus She even eats roasted broccoliIn conclusion I am glad I saw this book at the library before we started solids and recommend it


  6. says:

    BLW is the answer to everything Purées is evil80% of this book is an essay about purées being inappropriate and BLW is the best thing that could ever happen to your baby The only useful info I got was the practicality of age appropriate utensils and cups Not a good resource for started BLW


  7. says:

    It’s helpful to learn about the rationale behind BLW and the basics of how it works I wish there were specific details on how to cook and cut certain foods but I guess being too prescriptive defeats the purpose


  8. says:

    Excellent book with a ton of information I feel confident in doing Baby Led Weaning with my little one after reading this


  9. says:

    Good information but I think the expanded parts of the fully revised and expanded edition didn’t need to be there Felt pretty repetitive


  10. says:

    Excellent information but a repetitive and disjointed read Still I feel inspired by and confident in the ideas of BLW after finishing


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *