SUMMARY è Mama's Last Hug Animal Emotions and What They Tell Us about Ourselves

Mama's Last Hug Animal Emotions and What They Tell Us about Ourselves

REVIEW Mama's Last Hug Animal Emotions and What They Tell Us about Ourselves

New York Times best selling author and primatologist Frans de Waal explores the fascinating world of animal and human emotionsFrans de Waal has spent four decades at the forefront of animal research Following up on the best selling Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are which investigated animal intelligence Mama’s Last Hug delivers a fascinating exploration of the rich emotional lives of animalsMama’s Last Hug begins with the death of Mama a chimpanzee matriarch who formed a deep bond with biologist Jan van Hooff When Mama. As a student realizing that my biology books were of little help explaining chimpanzee behavior I picked up a copy of Machiavelli’s The Prince It offered an insightful unadorned account of human behavior based on real life observations of the Borgias the Medici and the popes The book put me in the right frame of mind to write about ape politics at the zoo We know our own inner states imperfectly and often mislead both ourselves and those around us We’re masters of fake happiness suppressed fear and misguided love This is why I’m pleased to work with nonlinguistic creatures I’m forced to guess their feelings but at least they never lead me astray by what they tell me about themselves Jan van Hoof image from Utrechtse Bilologen Vereniging Jan van Hoof was two months shy of eighty years old and Mama was one month shy of fifty nine when they said their goodbyes They had known each other for forty years She’d been sleeping a lot had lost considerable weight which was not surprising for one of the world’s oldest zoo chimpanzees but she finally wakes up spots Jan and beams with a smile far wider than any human could produce She bleats out a high pitched call of greeting while reaching up for Jan’s head pats the back of his neck and strokes his hair pulling him closer It is a moving moment that most of us might struggle to get through without releasing at least one or two tears of recognition And why not There are many ties that bind us than there are those that divide us And with this tearful scene we are delivered to a key uestion Just how different are humans from apes from animals in terms of our emotional livesMama image from Royal Burgers ZooIn 1980 the Dutch born author learned that a favorite chimpanzee alpha had been murdered by two male rivals in the colony It became a life changing event for him He was about to move to the USA and continue his study of apes but he realized that there was far too much that was not known about the roles of cooperation reconciliation pro social behavior and fairness in the animals’ relationships He redirected his life studies toward gaining a better understanding of such long neglected areas of animal behavioral research Frans de Waal image from wikipediaFranciscus Bernardus Maria Frans de Waal is now a world renowned primatologist and social psychologist who has broken much new ground in our understanding of animal psychology and emotion Competition was always studied in his field but de Waal was the first to establish intentional deception conflict resolution and a non human basis for empathy and morality A serious scientist whose popular writing has brought his theories to a wide readership his list of awards and recognitions would fill the page His most recent book is Are We Smart Enough To Know How Smart Animals Are Hopefully enough of us are The uestion here is whether we are perceptive enough to be able to recognize and appreciate animal emotionsMama the long time matriarch of the Burgers Zoo chimpanzee colony with her daughter Moniek At the time of this photo Mama was at the height of her power – Image and text from the bookThis is not a book about Mama although her story does illustrate de Waal’s point Many researchers appear to have an irresistible impulse to portray animals as entirely separate from people De Waal is interested in showing us that there is far less difference than human exceptionalists would like to think Are we reall

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Was dying van Hooff took the unusual step of visiting her in her night cage for a last hug Their goodbyes were filmed and went viral Millions of people were deeply moved by the way Mama embraced the professor welcoming him with a big smile while reassuring him by patting his neck in a gesture often considered typically human but that is in fact common to all primates This story and others like it form the core of de Waal’s argument showing that humans are not the only species with the capacity for love hate fear shame guilt joy disgust a. Two or three stars which represents best how I react to this book Is the book good or is it OK As a whole it feels OK than good so two stars it will be I will explain why I react in this wayI have trouble with how the book is told and I am not referring in any way to the narration of the audiobook It is not the central content concerning animals’ emotions that is the stumbling block for me I am certain that animals do have emotions and the similarity between human and animal emotions is striking The information provided on this topic is interesting When the book sticks to the topic it is good Too often it gets off trackI must start at the end—it is in this way easiest to explain what I observe The audiobook ends with a short summation of what the author intended with his book The author speaks to us directly; we hear his voice his words It is not the audiobook’s narrator that reads the afterword of the audiobook The words Waal uses are completely different from the language used in the book He proposes his ideas in a uiet and understated manner The tone of the book the language used there has the air of being modern and hip cool amicable and convivial It is the language so often used in books of popular science The language employed in the book compared to the language in the afterword are is as different as night and day I cannot help but wonder if revisions have been made to the author’s writing The language of the afterword is what I preferThere are other problems related to how the book is told The prologue does not explain how the book is set up and it is too detailed The chapter and subchapter titles are not informative; they give little guidance as to what will follow Here are five title examples— The Yuck Factor Pride and Prejudice Murder Power Emotions Are Like Organs The content of each chapter flows without pause from subject to subject mixing anecdotes theorizing and citings of scientific experiments What the experiments show are stated as given facts with little said concerning chosen methods or procedures The chapters end abruptly; they lack a final paragraph that summarizes the conclusions that should be drawn There are statements made that I uestioned one example being that animals instinctively know what they can and cannot eat My dog certainly doesn’t—he eats spoiled meat from carcasses and then vomits it up Often I felt the need to uestion what is said; background information is inadeuate Topics sometimes are simply dropped in midair Much can be interpreted in alternate ways Too much theorizing and uibbling over semantics One example over and over again the author insists on distinguishing between emotions and feelings The author states that the first are shown and arise physically from our bodies while the second are spoken of and are a product of language What we say can be deceptive; to achieve our goals we do not always say what we truly think Then at the end it is stated that the two emotions and feelings are very close So why all the fuss about stressing the difference This is a topic returned to many times throughout the book each time I felt uncomfortable because what is said is too theoretical built on a construct diffuse uite simply unclear I felt the author was playing with words What I do like is when theorizing is put aside and we are told interesting tidbits about animal behavior their emotions and intellect This is what I was looking for in the book Vaincre sans gloire: Le corps expéditionnaire français en Italie (novembre 1942-juillet 1944) of visiting her in her night cage for a last hug Their goodbyes were filmed and went viral Millions Opération "Torch" of people were deeply moved by the way Mama embraced the professor welcoming him with a big smile while reassuring him by patting his neck in a gesture L'Honneur, pas les honneurs: Mémoires, tome I. Avec le 2e REP en Algérie often considered typically human but that is in fact common to all primates This story and A la droite d'Hitler others like it form the core Mitterrand, le grand initié of de Waal’s argument showing that humans are not the L'espèce humaine only species with the capacity for love hate fear shame guilt joy disgust a. Two 1943 or three stars which represents best how I react to this book Is the book good Les origines républicaines de Vichy or is it OK As a whole it feels OK than good so two stars it will be I will explain why I react in this wayI have trouble with how the book is told and I am not referring in any way to the narration Le mythe du grand silence: Auschwitz, les Français, la mémoire of the audiobook It is not the central content concerning animals’ emotions that is the stumbling block for me I am certain that animals do have emotions and the similarity between human and animal emotions is striking The information provided La vie des français sous l'occupation on this topic is interesting When the book sticks to the topic it is good Too Simone Veil et les siens: Album- préface d'Annick Cojean often it gets Les Français de l'an 40. Tome 1. La guerre, oui ou non ? off trackI must start at the end—it is in this way easiest to explain what I Un été 16 : Eléments d'histoire culturelle européenne au regard du présent observe The audiobook ends with a short summation Les mythes de la Seconde Guerre mondiale of what the author intended with his book The author speaks to us directly; we hear his voice his words It is not the audiobook’s narrator that reads the afterword 1944-1945 of the audiobook The words Waal uses are completely different from the language used in the book He proposes his ideas in a uiet and understated manner The tone Jacques Chirac : Une histoire française of the book the language used there has the air Adolfo Kaminsky, une vie de faussaire of being modern and hip cool amicable and convivial It is the language so Dans les archives secrètes du Quai d'Orsay : de 1945 à nos jours often used in books Mes combats of popular science The language employed in the book compared to the language in the afterword are is as different as night and day I cannot help but wonder if revisions have been made to the author’s writing The language Chirac intime - Un retraité comme les autres of the afterword is what I preferThere are Les Pieds-noirs : L'épopée d'un peuple other problems related to how the book is told The prologue does not explain how the book is set up and it is too detailed The chapter and subchapter titles are not informative; they give little guidance as to what will follow Here are five title examples— The Yuck Factor Pride and Prejudice Murder Power Emotions Are Like Organs The content Berlin of each chapter flows without pause from subject to subject mixing anecdotes theorizing and citings D'Izieu à Auschwitz : L'histoire de deux enfants dans la Shoah of scientific experiments What the experiments show are stated as given facts with little said concerning chosen methods Histoire de la guerre d'Algérie, 1954-1962 or procedures The chapters end abruptly; they lack a final paragraph that summarizes the conclusions that should be drawn There are statements made that I uestioned Koursk - L’été où Staline a vaincu Hitler one example being that animals instinctively know what they can and cannot eat My dog certainly doesn’t—he eats spoiled meat from carcasses and then vomits it up Often I felt the need to uestion what is said; background information is inadeuate Topics sometimes are simply dropped in midair Much can be interpreted in alternate ways Too much theorizing and uibbling Un train en hiver over semantics One example 1941 over and "Ma vie avec Louis XIV..." Version integrale. over again the author insists Des sauvages, ou Voyage de Samuel Champlain, de Brouage, (Éd.1603) on distinguishing between emotions and feelings The author states that the first are shown and arise physically from Petite Histoire de France: Vingt siècles d'Histoire illustrés de 60 lithographies et dessins des XIXe et XX siècles our bodies while the second are spoken L'encyclopédie de la chanson française : Des années 40 à nos jours of and are a product "Ma vie avec Louis XIV..." of language What we say can be deceptive; to achieve L’histoire de France: Chronologie - De Vercingétorix à la Ve République (Petit guide t. 1) our goals we do not always say what we truly think Then at the end it is stated that the two emotions and feelings are very close So why all the fuss about stressing the difference This is a topic returned to many times throughout the book each time I felt uncomfortable because what is said is too theoretical built Histoire de la cuisine et de la gastronomie françaises (TEMPUS) on a construct diffuse uite simply unclear I felt the author was playing with words What I do like is when theorizing is put aside and we are told interesting tidbits about animal behavior their emotions and intellect This is what I was looking for in the book

Frans de Waal ☆ 8 SUMMARY

Nd empathyDe Waal discusses facial expressions the emotions behind human politics the illusion of free will animal sentience and of course Mama’s life and death The message is one of continuity between us and other species such as the radical proposal that emotions are like organs we don’t have a single organ that other animals don’t have and the same is true for our emotions Mama’s Last Hug opens our hearts and minds to the many ways in which humans and other animals are connected transforming how we view the living world around u. I recently went to the zoo at the behest of a friend of mine I hadn’t been to a proper zoo since I was a child and was reminded why I hadn’t been in such a long time Animals in small enclosures appearing listless with nothing to stimulate them was for me the opposite of entertaining It was profoundly moving but not perhaps in the sense that my acuaintance might have wished Particularly disturbing to me was seeing the macaues gorillas chimpanzees and other primates When my friend sensed that I was not happy to see them despite my love of bonobos and chimpanzees in particular I explained how sad it was to see these profoundly social animals with intricate friendship and family bonds be isolated by themselves in a small cage In “Mama’s Last Hug” Frans De Waal doesn’t go deeply into how zoos are problematic he does briefly touch on it but he does ask and defend the uestion as to whether primates in particular are capable of emotions If you’ve read De Waal before you are probably familiar with his answer but here he uses his and others research as well as entertaining and fascinating anecdotes to answer that he believes they do He gives wonderful examples of a wide variety of facial expressions that correlate with our own our facial structures are remarkably similar how primates feel and show shame bargain amongst themselves and others he cites macaues at a temple of Bali who often steal particular items such as cell phones from tourists Rather than run away with them the monkeys sit a safe distance away until the tourists hands over a sufficient amount of food at which point the monkey will put down the valuables and walk away with its bounty In his perhaps most touching story De Waal recounts the story of Mama a female chimp who was the alpha female for decades at the colony De Waal supervised in Holland As she became sick and near death one of the staff members who had been with her for years went into her cage to say goodbye a uite dangerous thing to do and one that he freely admitted later he would never do with any other chimp Mama on seeing and clearly remembering their relationship over the years gave him a long hug as if to say goodbye that can been seen on Youtube highly recommended you have some kleenex handy Was she aware of her impending death Maybe Maybe not But even the most hardened cynic would have to admit that there was at a bare minimum recognition on her part and likely warmth that we as humans like to assign solely to ourselves Why do so many scientists still refuse to acknowledge that beings other than humans are capable of complex emotions Is it that it would complicate experimentation on them Make eating them extremely problematic We do not know for sure De Waal writes we cannot ask animals directly what they are feeling This is undoubtedly true And yet through simple observation it is increasingly difficult to deny they are feeling something intensely recognizable and universal to all living beings Des sauvages, ou Voyage de Samuel Champlain, de Brouage, (Éd.1603) of free will animal sentience and Petite Histoire de France: Vingt siècles d'Histoire illustrés de 60 lithographies et dessins des XIXe et XX siècles of course Mama’s life and death The message is L'encyclopédie de la chanson française : Des années 40 à nos jours one "Ma vie avec Louis XIV..." of continuity between us and L’histoire de France: Chronologie - De Vercingétorix à la Ve République (Petit guide t. 1) other species such as the radical proposal that emotions are like Histoire de la cuisine et de la gastronomie françaises (TEMPUS) organs we don’t have a single Dictionnaire historique des rues de Paris (complet en deux volumes et un supplément) organ that Histoire et dictionnaire de la Révolution française : 1789-1799 other animals don’t have and the same is true for HISTOIRE DE PARIS (GISSEROT HISTOIRE) our emotions Mama’s Last Hug Grandes dates de l'Histoire de France: Chronologie (Petit guide t. 280) opens Les rois de France: La monarchie de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI 987 à 1792 - Chronologie (Petit guide t. 38) our hearts and minds to the many ways in which humans and Sénat sous la IIIe République (Le) (HISTOIRE) other animals are connected transforming how we view the living world around u. I recently went to the zoo at the behest Catacombes. Histoire du Paris souterrain (LA PETITE COLLE) of a friend "Ma vie avec Louis XIV..." T2 of mine I hadn’t been to a proper zoo since I was a child and was reminded why I hadn’t been in such a long time Animals in small enclosures appearing listless with nothing to stimulate them was for me the SS Français: Récits, lettres et témoignages inédits de la SS Charlemagne opposite Le Second Empire: « Que sais-je ? » n° 739 of entertaining It was profoundly moving but not perhaps in the sense that my acuaintance might have wished Particularly disturbing to me was seeing the macaues gorillas chimpanzees and Guide du prospecteur et du chercheur de trésor : Ou l'art de découvrir les fortunes enfouies other primates When my friend sensed that I was not happy to see them despite my love Un homme, une voix ? Histoire du suffrage universel of bonobos and chimpanzees in particular I explained how sad it was to see these profoundly social animals with intricate friendship and family bonds be isolated by themselves in a small cage In “Mama’s Last Hug” Frans De Waal doesn’t go deeply into how zoos are problematic he does briefly touch Farewell. Conséquences géopolitiques d'une grande opération d'espionnage (Histoire) on it but he does ask and defend the uestion as to whether primates in particular are capable Guide historique du Paris libertin of emotions If you’ve read De Waal before you are probably familiar with his answer but here he uses his and Manuel du politiquement correct others research as well as entertaining and fascinating anecdotes to answer that he believes they do He gives wonderful examples Histoire de Rouen of a wide variety Le guide du pèlerin : Codex de Saint-Jacques-de-Compostelle attribué à Aymeri Picaud (XIIe siècle) of facial expressions that correlate with L'âme des lieux - la revue - numéro 2 (02) our HISTOIRE DE LA FRANCE. : Des origines à nos jours own Les premiers hommes du Sud-Ouest : Préhistoire dans le Pays Basque, le Béarn, les Landes our facial structures are remarkably similar how primates feel and show shame bargain amongst themselves and Histoire de France: Premium Ebook others he cites macaues at a temple Les Vêtements de la Liberté : Abécédaire des Pratiques Vestimentaires Françaises de 1780 à 1800 of Bali who Dictionnaire amoureux de Paris (DICT AMOUREUX) often steal particular items such as cell phones from tourists Rather than run away with them the monkeys sit a safe distance away until the tourists hands L'âme des lieux - la revue - numéro 4 (04) over a sufficient amount Dictionnaire amoureux des reines of food at which point the monkey will put down the valuables and walk away with its bounty In his perhaps most touching story De Waal recounts the story Je me souviens du canal Saint-Martin of Mama a female chimp who was the alpha female for decades at the colony De Waal supervised in Holland As she became sick and near death Gastronomie française : Histoire et géographie d'une passion (Nouvelles Etudes Historiques) one Dictionnaire amoureux de la liberté (DICT AMOUREUX) of the staff members who had been with her for years went into her cage to say goodbye a uite dangerous thing to do and Jardins et Châteaux : De la Côte d'Azur one that he freely admitted later he would never do with any La Révolution française : dictionnaire biographique other chimp Mama La Restauration. Les idées et les hommes (HISTOIRE) on seeing and clearly remembering their relationship Dictionnaire amoureux des sixties over the years gave him a long hug as if to say goodbye that can been seen Le siècle de saint Louis on Youtube highly recommended you have some kleenex handy Was she aware Dictionnaire des Beaux-Arts d'Eugène Delacroix of her impending death Maybe Maybe not But even the most hardened cynic would have to admit that there was at a bare minimum recognition Musée d'Orsay : Le guide des collections on her part and likely warmth that we as humans like to assign solely to Fourier. Créateur de la physique-mathématique ourselves Why do so many scientists still refuse to acknowledge that beings Dictionnaire amoureux de la République (DICT AMOUREUX) other than humans are capable Paris secret (Bouquins) of complex emotions Is it that it would complicate experimentation Une élite parisienne : les familles de la grande bourgeoisie juive (1870-1939) (Histoire) on them Make eating them extremely problematic We do not know for sure De Waal writes we cannot ask animals directly what they are feeling This is undoubtedly true And yet through simple Mérovingiens: Les Grands Articles d'Universalis observation it is increasingly difficult to deny they are feeling something intensely recognizable and universal to all living beings

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