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Enen Klimaschwankungen vom Holozän bis heuteAlle sprechen vom Wetter wir auch Darüber wie es werden wird gibt es derzeit mehr Voraussagen als sonst üblich; aber was wissen wir über Klimaschwankungen vor 500 Jahren vor 5000 Jahren Und wie können wir überhaupt etwas über die Geschichte des Wetters wissen Schließlich Wie haben sich die Klimaschwankungen auf den Menschen sein Wohlbefinden und seinen Erfindungsgeist ausgewirkt Wolfgang Behringer führt uns ein in die historische Forschung zur Klimaentwicklung; er zeigt uns was heute als gesichertes Wissen gel. Kulturgeschichte des Klimas Written by a historian rather than a climate scientist this gives a uniue perspective on climate history since the last ice age with a big emphasis on the “little ice age” and its conseuences Definitely worth a read but some conclusions seem a bit uestionable 35

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Ten kann welche Schwankungen es gab und wie sie das Fortkommen des homo sapiens behinderten oder beförderten Ein Stück weit bietet das Buch naturwissenschaftliche Fundierung um dann für die Geschichte ab dem Mittelalter dem Zusammenhang zwischen Klimaentwicklung und kultureller Entfaltung detaillierter nachzuforschen Behringers lesenswertes Buch führt uns plastisch vor Augen mit welchen Schwierigkeiten manchmal aber auch mit welch außergewöhnlich angenehmen Wetter Epochen etwa in der Staufer Zeit unsere Vorfahren konfrontiert waren und wie sie damit umging. The premise of 'A Cultural History of Climate' is that Earth's climate is in a constant state of flux over very long periods and that these changes lead to adaptation or destruction of life in particular ecosystems However the real focus of the book is on the influence of climate on human society and how it affects what we eat wear and how willing we are to rise up against governments It must be pointed out that despite Behringer's obvious focus on the climate he remains a good historian The philosophical issues behind historical causation are complex and Behringer is too careful to blame climate for every major upheaval in world history although he does an excellent job in making such connections while never going too far with them This is perhaps the greatest strength of this book besides the enthralling translation as Behringer makes an extremely convincing case that weather patterns have played a role in many major transitions throughout human history This is very important because too often such things are ignored by historians in favour of the historical data immediately available in their primary sources and weather does not receive as much attention in such things as it should especially after this book's publicationBehringer's runs through the entire history of earth but the main focus of this book is on human history starting with the agricultural revolution 10000 years ago when the climate became less amenable to hunter gatherer societies through the present day He brings his audience through the Roman optimum to the cooling off in the late antiuity and the early middle ages although this section is a little spartan No doubt that lack of contemporary source material compared to the later periods is the cause of this The book really picks up again in the high middle ages when the source material becomes abundant and Behringer's case for the medieval warm period allowing the population in the west to expand is very convincing although his failure to connect the cooling immediately before the Justinianic Plague and the breakout of the Black Death in 1347 is a little curious In light of recent aetiological work on this topic namely Samuel Cohn's The Black Death Transformed Disease and Culture in Early Renaissance Europe Arnold Publication this is definitely a topic worthy of further study After this Behringer devotes a large portion of the book to the Little Ice Age and makes some very interesting arguments on its effect on numerous aspects of European society The books with a short chapter and epilogue that bring the reader up to the present day and engage some of the debates on climate change arguing that a historical perspective needs to be understood and it needs to be taken into account that the climate has always changed a life on earth has always been forced to adapt for it or perish The discussion of some of the concerns about a new ice age in the 1960s and 1970s are particularly revealingThis is a fascinating book on the effects of climate change on human civilization throughout history It is a translation from German and while it is a particularly clear translation the fact that much of the cited literature is in German makes further referencing difficult However I can not fault the book for this We are simply fortunate to have this fascinating work translated into English Photo Craft kann LOSER welche Who Do You Think You Are? 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Wolfgang Behringer ✓ 2 Read & download

Blitz und Donner zu schleudern war ein Vorrecht der Götter und Petrus schickte Regen und Sonne wie es ihm gefiel Viele Jahrhunderte wahrscheinlich sogar noch viel länger funktionierte das ganz gut ohne menschliche Beteiligung Das war einmal Heute machen wir das Wetter selber Fachleute sind sich einig Der Klimawandel geht weitgehend auf unser Konto Zeit für einen Rückblick Wie hat das Klima die menschliche Spezies beeinflußt Wie haben Klimaschwankungen das Leben unserer Vorfahren verändert wie ihre Kultur bestimmt Ein erhellender Streifzug durch die vergang. Ero incuriosito dal titolo e lo ammetto dalla bellissima copertina un particolare dalla mia opera preferita di Brügel La casa editrice Bollati Boringhieri era una certezza Mi pare improponibile cercare un'unica chiave di lettura il clima per la storia umana degli ultimi millenni il risultato è poco credibileL'autore è uno storico e docente universitario dal uale ci si aspetta un'accurata verifica dei fatti e delle fonti In alcuni casi le sue fonti sono superate per esempio uando l'autore scrive che non c'è stato mescolamento tra Sapiens e Neanderthal poi continua a usare il termine Homo sapiens sapiens ormai abbandonato da molto Purtroppo non mi sono segnato tutti gli sfondoni che ho incontrato e posso solo ricordare uelli che mi hanno colpito di più Ci racconta che l'imperatore Teodosio ha diviso l'impero in due parti nel 395 ev uando uesto fu fatto un secolo prima da Costantino il grande Inoltre se usi termini non comuni li devi spiegare se fai riferimento a ualcosa che uasi nessuno conosce ne devi parlare almeno in nota Cos'è l'indizione riferita al calendario Perché se c'è un'eruzione vulcanica aumenta l'acidità nei ghiacci Io sono un chimico ma non lo so O lo spieghi o non lo dici Deve trattarsi proprio dell'eruzione di cui parla Procopio Come fa Procopio di Cesarea nel VI secolo a parlare di un vulcano a Papua Nuova GuineaPoi ci sono una serie di piccole contraddizioni che possono passare più facilmente inosservate Mi fa pensare alle ricerche che fanno molti studenti moderni copiando e incollando pezzi trovati in ua e in là su internet senza curarsi di capire uello che si scrive e senza accorgersi delle contraddizioni tra una fonte e l'altraPer concludere rimane il problema della traduzione di testi scientifici da parte di traduttori non specializzati


10 thoughts on “Kulturgeschichte des Klimas

  1. says:

    I gave 3 stars to this book for two reasons The very very interesting historical information that provides and the extensive references at the end of the book for the reader that wants to go deeper into the field of cultureclimateIf I had to rate the book with cold blood I wouldn't give 3 stars but less The reason is that the author is jumping to conclusions without proper justifications He seems to ignore or just very briefly mention massive social changes and events that had nothing or little to do with the climate And he tends to see always the route of the whole middle ages history at the climate changeIn advance the epilogue of the book is an absolutely non sense I could write a whole book to expose the non sense of the epilogue It is not a scientific statement On the contrary the author uses philosophical and logical tricks in order to support his opinions It is the part of the book which exposes the deep ideological character of the conclusions of the author Conclusions that support specific political and economic interests


  2. says:

    Ero incuriosito dal titolo e lo ammetto dalla bellissima copertina un particolare dalla mia opera preferita di Brügel La casa editrice Bollati Boringhieri era una certezza Mi pare improponibile cercare un'unica chiave di lettura il clima per la storia umana degli ultimi millenni il risultato è poco credibileL'autore è uno storico e docente universitario dal uale ci si aspetta un'accurata verifica dei fatti e delle fonti In alcuni casi le sue fonti sono superate per esempio uando l'autore scrive che non c'è stato mescolamento tra Sapiens e Neanderthal poi continua a usare il termine Homo sapiens sapiens ormai abbandonato da molto Purtroppo non mi sono segnato tutti gli sfondoni che ho incontrato e posso solo ricordare uelli che mi hanno colpito di più Ci racconta che l'imperatore Teodosio ha diviso l'impero in due parti nel 395 ev uando uesto fu fatto un secolo prima da Costantino il grande Inoltre se usi termini non comuni li devi spiegare se fai riferimento a ualcosa che uasi nessuno conosce ne devi parlare almeno in nota Cos'è l'indizione riferita al calendario? Perché se c'è un'eruzione vulcanica aumenta l'acidità nei ghiacci? Io sono un chimico ma non lo so O lo spieghi o non lo dici Deve trattarsi proprio dell'eruzione di cui parla Procopio Come fa Procopio di Cesarea nel VI secolo a parlare di un vulcano a Papua Nuova Guinea?Poi ci sono una serie di piccole contraddizioni che possono passare più facilmente inosservate Mi fa pensare alle ricerche che fanno molti studenti moderni copiando e incollando pezzi trovati in ua e in là su internet senza curarsi di capire uello che si scrive e senza accorgersi delle contraddizioni tra una fonte e l'altraPer concludere rimane il problema della traduzione di testi scientifici da parte di traduttori non specializzati


  3. says:

    This is a recent translation from German of a book originally published in 2007While this book is explicitly a history of climate the author keeps a steady focus on the implications of the historical narrative for the present debate on global warming about which he has some interesting thoughtsThe book naturally falls into two parts The first several chapters cover climate history from the origins of the earth 46 billion years ago through the present This is a decent overview although might be a little succinct if this is one's first encounter with this material The charts and graphs do a good job of supporting the text Behringer takes pains to point out that the earth is currently in the midst of a several million year long ice age characterized by 100000 year cycles of glaciation alternating with shorter and warmer interglacials At present we are getting towards the end of an interglacial and all other things being eual we should expect the onset of a new period of glaciation within a few thousand yearsThe book devotes time to the period since the last glacial maximum LGM then to the preceding periods but this is consistent with the book's intended focus on human cultural response to changing climate There is considerable material on the rise of the Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations and the impact of climate particularly droughts on their various crises and collapses The book then continues through Roman times the Middle Ages and up to the present There is interesting material on German archeological sites reflecting the author's nationality I had not seen much of this material beforeAt about the midway point the book switches gears and becomes much of a traditional cultural history with extensive discussion of clothing food painting literature music and so forth during the late medieval warm period and especially during the Little Ice Age from roughly 1300 1850 The author touches on one of his own research areas perceptions of witches and witchcraft who were subject to blame for bad weather The book focuses on the ways in which culture explicitly reflected in climate eg the increase in winter landscape painting winter fairs on the frozen Thames While Behringer realizes that climate was not the sole underlying cause of the evolution of human culture during this period he certainly wants to give it its full due as an important and somewhat underappreciated factor Significantly for his conclusion he tries to highlight how human beings have always reacted and adapted to climate change throughout historyMuch of the material in A Cultural History of Climate overlaps with several volumes authored by Brian Fagan for example The Long Summer 2004 and The Little Ice Age 2001 Behringer's style is concrete and he is little given to the rambling speculations characteristic of Fagan I tended to prefer Behringer although I have in general enjoyed Fagan's books so it's really a matter of personal taste Interestingly I could only find a single reference to Fagan in Behringer's notes despite the obvious overlap in material and subject matter I am not aware of an academic rift or rivalry between the two but since I am not hooked into historical circles that shouldn't count for much I did find the omission a bit odd given the usual fastidiousness of German scholarshipThe author concludes by saying that the lesson history teaches us is this Climate change has been a constant through human history Humans have always adapted whether during the post glacial warming the Younger Dryass cold period the successive droughts of the MesopotamianEgyptian period and during the Little Ice Age The current crisis is no different from earlier crises Human society will adapt and change as it always has While he is not a climate change denier in fact he readily acknowledges that the current warming is both well documented and likely of human origin those who view climate collapse as imminent will not be completely satisfied with A Cultural History of Climate However that is the value a long historical perspectiveThe uality of the paperback is uite good The paper is thick and I suspect it will not turn yellow or brittle over time The cover is gorgeous but then Hunters in the Snow is my all time favorite paintingOverall I really enjoyed this book If this topic broadly interests you I suggest reading it in conjunction with any of several books by Brian Fagan MacDougall's Frozen Earth Alley's Two Mile Time Machine or Mithen's After the Ice to name just a few


  4. says:

    La storia del mutamento climatico è la storia stessa dell'umanità dal sottotitolo in copertinaMolto interessante fino alla penultima pagina Il libro infatti termina con una discutibile conclusione di una superficialità che non rispecchia le profonde riflessioni che l'autore stimola durante tutta la letturaMa tralasciamoIl saggio è una coraggiosa analisi su cosa significa veramente il termine cambiamento climatico visto nel suo più ampio contesto storico Coraggiosa perché in tempi dove l'opinione pubblica è polarizzata tra negazionismo e catastrofismo tra misticismo ambientalista per cui la natura riporterà l'euilibrio spazzando via la razza umana e positivismo nel progresso scientifico per cui ualche nuovo incredibile macchinario risolverà ogni errore passato; l'autore correndo il rischio di essere attaccato da ogni schieramento affronta la uestione con ammirabile realismo Unendo i risultati dello studio scientifico della storia climatica con uello culturale egli riesce ad offrire un modello valido e comprensibile di come il clima terrestre è mutato nei secoli e di come soprattutto ha influenzato la storia dell'uomo cosa che le due diverse discipline prese singolarmente difficilmente sarebbero in grado di fareIl grande valore dell'opera sta nel offrire un chiaro originale e sfortunatamente poco considerato punto di vista che permette facilmente di realizzare uanto l'uomo sia o perlomeno sia stato prima della rivoluzione industriale indissolubilmente legato alla natura ed in particolare al clima che essa condiziona; e uanto ancora ogni grande cambiamento fioritura decadimento rivoluzione culturale o tecnologica della civiltà umana sia stato indotto attivamente o passivamente dai mutamenti climatici e dalla necessità di adattarsi al loro regimeÈ vero come dicono alcuni che tali mutamenti sono sempre avvenuti nella storia del pianeta anche su scale ben più gravi di uelle attuali e che l'uomo si è sempre adattato ma a uale costo? uanto dolore e sofferenza hanno causato tali avvenimenti?Diventa chiaro però che il cambiamento della temperatura globale in sé non è mai stata la causa di tali sofferenze tali mutazioni infatti avvengono periodicamente e colpiscono alcune specie mentre ne agevolano altrettante e non si tratta mai delle stesse freuentemente si alternano; la causa uindi è sempre stata l'incapacità dell'uomo di adattarsi spesso per arretratezza tecnologica ma anche e non indifferentemente per una mancata volontà di riorganizzare la societàOggi che vogliamo crederci oppure no ci troviamo alle porte di un'altra grande epoca di cambiamenti climatici la cui entità è ancora difficilmente calcolabile non solo per la prima volta nella storia del pianeta è l'uomo stesso l'artefice di tale mutamentoDunue grazie all'altissimo livello tecnologico raggiunto dalla civiltà umana nell'era contemporanea ci troviamo nella peculiare condizione di poter affrontare uesti nuovi cambiamenti con inedita sicurezza con la capacità tecnica di difenderci da eventuali conseguenti minacce; ma soprattutto con al straordinaria abilità di fermare rallentare o addirittura invertire tali cambiamentiDa come decideremo di affrontare la crisi che verrà dipenderà il futuro di tutta la civiltà umanaUno sguardo storico a come l'uomo ha affrontato ueste minacce nel passato non può che aiutare a scegliere la direzione correttaIl saggio è sorprendentemente scorrevole tranne che per alcuni capitoletti eccessivamente verbosi o che si allontanano troppo dal tema centralePeccato per la caduta di stile finale ma sono sicuro si tratti semplicemente di una cattiva comunicazioneIn ultimo un invito per favore leggete la storia


  5. says:

    Annyira vállalhatatlan a magyar fordítás hogy 40 oldal után feladtam Pár példa „Eleinte a sztratoszférába került szilárd testeket tették felelőssé a lehűlésért mivel azok szűrőként hatnak a napfényre” „Az elemzések hatósugara potenciálisan a jelenlegi jégkorszak kezdeteihez nyúlik vissza” „Aki valaha dolgozott késő középkori vagy kora újkori szövegekkel emlékszik rá hogy egyre másra fontos információkra bukkan a klímát illetően” A fordító következetesen rosszul használja az idézőjeleket és több helyen összetéveszti a millió és a milliárd évet és sokszor valamiért nem fordítja le a szavakat „Tágabb értelemben véve a mitológia az irodalom a művészet és a kartográfia is bevonható az éghajlat alakulásának kutatásába” Kár érte mert a tartalom érdekes Remélem az angol fordítás gördülékenyebb


  6. says:

    Kulturgeschichte des Klimas Written by a historian rather than a climate scientist this gives a uniue perspective on climate history since the last ice age with a big emphasis on the “little ice age” and its conseuences Definitely worth a read but some conclusions seem a bit uestionable 35


  7. says:

    The premise of 'A Cultural History of Climate' is that Earth's climate is in a constant state of flux over very long periods and that these changes lead to adaptation or destruction of life in particular ecosystems However the real focus of the book is on the influence of climate on human society and how it affects what we eat wear and how willing we are to rise up against governments It must be pointed out that despite Behringer's obvious focus on the climate he remains a good historian The philosophical issues behind historical causation are complex and Behringer is too careful to blame climate for every major upheaval in world history although he does an excellent job in making such connections while never going too far with them This is perhaps the greatest strength of this book besides the enthralling translation as Behringer makes an extremely convincing case that weather patterns have played a role in many major transitions throughout human history This is very important because too often such things are ignored by historians in favour of the historical data immediately available in their primary sources and weather does not receive as much attention in such things as it should especially after this book's publicationBehringer's runs through the entire history of earth but the main focus of this book is on human history starting with the agricultural revolution 10000 years ago when the climate became less amenable to hunter gatherer societies through the present day He brings his audience through the Roman optimum to the cooling off in the late antiuity and the early middle ages although this section is a little spartan No doubt that lack of contemporary source material compared to the later periods is the cause of this The book really picks up again in the high middle ages when the source material becomes abundant and Behringer's case for the medieval warm period allowing the population in the west to expand is very convincing although his failure to connect the cooling immediately before the Justinianic Plague and the breakout of the Black Death in 1347 is a little curious In light of recent aetiological work on this topic namely Samuel Cohn's The Black Death Transformed Disease and Culture in Early Renaissance Europe Arnold Publication this is definitely a topic worthy of further study After this Behringer devotes a large portion of the book to the Little Ice Age and makes some very interesting arguments on its effect on numerous aspects of European society The books with a short chapter and epilogue that bring the reader up to the present day and engage some of the debates on climate change arguing that a historical perspective needs to be understood and it needs to be taken into account that the climate has always changed a life on earth has always been forced to adapt for it or perish The discussion of some of the concerns about a new ice age in the 1960s and 1970s are particularly revealingThis is a fascinating book on the effects of climate change on human civilization throughout history It is a translation from German and while it is a particularly clear translation the fact that much of the cited literature is in German makes further referencing difficult However I can not fault the book for this We are simply fortunate to have this fascinating work translated into English


  8. says:

    Wolfgang Behringer begibt sich mit seinem Buch „Kulturgeschichte des Klimas“ buchstäblich auf dünnes Eis ist doch das Thema „Klima“ fest in Händen der Experten aus Politik Kirche und Pädagogik Hier darf nicht sein was dem festgelegten Mainstream widerspricht Das apokalyptische Zukunftsszenario wird wie eine Monstranz den Gläubigen vorweg getragen Spötter sprechen deshalb auch von der Klimakirche In diese Gemengelage aus Hypothesen Daten und Glauben mit einem kritischen Buch zu erscheinen bedarf schon eines gewissen MutsZur Beurteilung der Zukunftsversionen sie werden uns je nach Absicht mehr oder weniger drastisch geschildert sollte die Vergangenheit nicht unbeachtet gelassen bleiben Der Autor spannt einen weiten Bogen vom Erdaltertum über die jüngeren geologischen Zeiten bis zum Erscheinen des ersten Menschen Der Zeit seit dem Paläolithikum der Altsteinzeit bis heute wird das besondere Augenmerk gewidmet Dies ist der Bereich da sich der Mensch vom Sammler und Jäger zur heutigen Form entwickelte Das Entstehen der frühen Hochkulturen wird aus klimatologischer Sicht ebenso erklärt wie die weiteren Abläufe im Mittelalter mit seiner Warmphase Besiedlung zB Islands und Grönlands oder den Rückfällen in der sogenannten „Kleinen Eiszeit“ mit Auswirkungen auf die Bevölkerungsdichte und der allgemeinen Besiedlung Die Neuzeit mit der industriellen Revolution brachte dann eine technische Entwicklung die bis heute anhält Ist dies aber auch der Beginn des anthropogenen Klimas? Hier begeben wir uns langsam in die Diskussion um den Anteil des Menschen an der heutigen Entwicklung Bei dem Übergang vom Mittelalter zur Neuzeit wurde bei der klimatisch bedingten Notsituation ein wichtiges Element im Zusammenleben der Menschen eingeführt man löste sich von dem Sündenbockgedanken der Aufstieg aus dem durch religiösen Wahnvorstellungen beeinflußte Jammertal gelang zum einen durch eine Anpassung an die Lebensbedingungen und zum anderen durch Vernunft Diese sollte in der heutigen Diskussion auch wieder die Oberhand gewinnen wie wohl es hier neben ideologischen Barrieren auch wirtschaftliche Aspekte hier vor allen Dingen im hochsubventionierten Bereich der sogenannten „Erneuerbaren Energien“ zu bedenken gibtDem Autor ist mit diesem Buch ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Zukunftsdiskussion gelungen


  9. says:

    although I now find in other reviews that most of the facts in the book have been published elswhere for me as a layman this is the first comprehensive overview of history as a chain of events strongly influenced by climate changes and what an overview it is a real treat especially the first 80 or so pages finally I understand where and why the sea people came at 800bc ;so it is nicely written reads easily and the facts remain with you is it truth? I honestly do not know there isprobably a plethora of oponents who will argue with the author but that's how it should be yes this was a pleasant read


  10. says:

    Un bel libro che finalmente prende una posizione giustamente neutra sul problema Non si tratta di negare il riscaldamento globale ma di ridimensionare alcune posizioni estremiste e di comodo assunte da una certa parte della comunità scientifica e politicaIl libro è ricco di informazioni e di fonti Peccato che un po' troppo spesso si lasci andare a illazioni non provate e salti di logica eccessivamente azzardati


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