FREE DOWNLOAD Ø Candide ou l'Optimisme


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  • Candide ou l'Optimisme
  • Voltaire
  • English
  • 20 October 2017
  • 9780486266893

10 thoughts on “Candide ou l'Optimisme

  1. says:

    Bonjour M Candide Bienvenue au site Goodreads u'en pensez vous? It's OK we can speak English Pour encourager les autres as one might say Eh super I mean good So what do you make of twenty first century Britain? Vraiment sympathiue I am reading of your little scandale with the expenses of the Houses of Parliament It is a great moment for la démocratie Now there will be des élections the people will be able to choose better representatives we will see that the country has become stronger as a result So really it was a good thing? Oh of course all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds What? Including I don't know the Ira War? Absoluement It is similar If M Bush had not started this very unpopular war then the American voters would never have decided to choose M Obama who you can see is the best possible président you could have at this moment très difficile de l'histoire But I think they chose him than anything else because of the economic meltdown? Bien sûr the war on its own would not have been enough la crise économiue also was necessary All is for the best M Candide you think that global warming and the impending collapse of the world's climate is also for the best? Mais ça se voit Because of the global warming la science et la technologie will be forced to make new avances people in all countries will start to work together and we will enter a new golden age Soon it will be as in El Dorado that I visited once in l'Ameriue du Sud Um So I suppose that the spread of AIDS in sub Saharan Africa genocide in Rwanda and Rush Limbaugh are also good things when you look at them from the right angle? Evidement First le SIDA By making drug companies and researchers focus on No wait Forget AIDS What about Stephenie Meyer? Is she a good thing too? Eh oui non this book Fascination how do you say Twilight alors If only my dear Doctor Pangloss was here he could explain to you


  2. says:

    Voltaire's novel introduces the reader to Candide a wide eyed calm and slightly bland young gentleman who resides at Castle Westphalia and who believes in the philosophy that everything in the world is for the best One of the first scenes is filled with two emotional opposites for Candide who first gets to kiss his love Cunegonde behind a screen only to then be kicked out of the castle literally by the Baron of Thunder ten Tronckh Here then begins Candide's incredible fantastical adventure which takes him all over the globe with his mind always believing in the viewpoint that the folly of optimism Moving on from being a soldier in the Bulgarian army to being shipwrecked being involved with the aftermath of an earthuake to being robbed and swindled times than seems fair our hero has a lot of bad luck One of the overarching issues of this narrative is to present that it isn't just Candide that bad things happen to and that the world is just pretty damn horrible Tragic things happen to all our main characters including philosopher Dr Pangloss and a nice old lady who saved Candide from certain death The tale is humorously and satirically presented in short sharp chapters by Voltaire Some descriptions of doom and degradation are presented in a comic fashion because if they were not they might be too unspeakably horrid and upsetting to read and therefore would not keep us readers interested in well reading further The heartlessness negativity and cold heartedness of humans is a freuent aura and undertone throughout The novel features all sorts of nastiness such as rape murder prostitution and slavery among other diabolical nastiness and nonsense The only part of this book where Voltaire excludes any use of humour is when he talks about slavery after we meet a mutilated man This is uite poignant when the author has presented all the mephistophelian activities previously that slavery doesn't deserve any humour arguably making this the crime Voltaire begrudges the most in this world There are many heart rending pitiful and distressing moments throughout sprinkled with humour and comedy Candide and his valet Cacambo after nearly being eaten by indigenous people; arrive in Voltaire's Utopia El Dorado This was my favourite section of the book as this unobtainable existence is a polar opposite of everything that the two young men have faced so far Gold and diamonds litter the streets as pebbles there is no law scientific advancements that make the Western world jealous no prisons and is opposite to the popular viewpoint of the story that all is misery and illusion The main plot progression throughout the book is Candide trying to find his love Cunegonde as he wishes to marry her which is his reason for stupidly in my opinion leaving this wonderful place The whole cast is likable Some of the times they meet up with friends spontaneously all over the world is amazingly far fetched Two of the main characters are previously mentioned optimistic philosopher Dr Pangloss and ultimately pessimistic scholar and travel companion of Candide's Martin The juxtaposition here is very interesting It is very black and white for these extreme viewpoints There is no compromise or middle ground A great amount of philosophy is discussed throughout the book in conversations usually prompted by Candide who wants answers to how the world works It may very well be that he changes his optimistic opinion throughout the narrative I probably shouldn't like a book with so much negativity but it is incredibly written It reminded me of Verne's Around The World In Eighty Days Both being high octane adventures transversing across the globe but with Candide's undertones being a lot macabreMy favourite scene was when Candide discusses classic literature such as Homer Virgil and Horace to a King who dislikes everything You will agree that this is the happiest of mortals for he is above everything he possesses Negativity and hatred is the main theme throughout the whole novel The problem with reviewing classic literature like this is that many greater wordsmiths over previous centuries have written poetic and moving opinions I'm an ant looking up at these amazing intellects and just trying to give my thoughts I struggle to write about legendary books however I enjoyed the book so much I had to write down a few blurbs of thoughts even though the uality will be lacking when compared to previous critics If you haven't already this book is very well worth readingJames Tivendale


  3. says:

    Slightly disappointed with the next Gabriel Garcia Maruez I took on this classic next IN ONE SITTINGJSWhere has this one been all my life? I adore Candide because it is rife with adventure it is a speedy read and at the very end you experience a vortex of feelings and NOVEL concepts It transcends literature itselfCompare this to Dante To Shakespeare I could not help but smile at all the awful misadventures of our poor fool This is made for someone like me who thinks The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho isn't all that I even told G that I was put off by the cover that is not until the entire book is ravished torn apart by the ravenous reader does the simple almost academic print of a globe in this particular edition of Candide make senseSovoila Voltaire Easily EASILY Top Ten


  4. says:

    Candide is an accessible masterpiece which demonstrated to the world Volatire's genius as a satirist The eponymous Candide is a young man tutored by an optimist who is convinced according to the cause and effect philosophy of Leibniz and perhaps is best summarized in Voltaire's leitmotif that human beings live in the best of all possible worlds Alexander Pope rather laughably made the same outrageous claim in his Essay on Man in which he writes Everything that is is right How can this be so you may well ask? Here is the nut of the problem it seems that a perfect God has created a highly imperfect world How can a good omnipotent loving God create a world in which so much catastrophic evil exists and which is so often allowed even to thrive? It is a uestion for the ages Theologians argue that God created mankind with free will and without it they would simply be puppets without the freedom to make choices Theologians also point out that the majority of the evil resident in our world is perpetuated on vast masses of humanity by other human beings not God and that evil is the cause and effect of conflicting self interests imposed by people with power upon the less powerful But this point doesn't explain why a loving all powerful God would allow any of it to exist and endure Why not cast down all the devils and give his human creatures a perfect garden a paradise on earth without snakes anywhere? Why did God create the serpent in the Garden of Eden in the first place? Voltaire like Rousseau was an avid gardener and Voltaire jests at Rousseau's good faith in the Confessions as if the latter were simply a country bumpkin But gardens have a great deal of meaning in Candide as in for example Milton's Paradise Lost or Genesis and are thematically significant for Voltaire who concludes that gardens are after all a wise place to reside out of harm's way Voltaire absolutely skewers the optimistic cause and effect of Pope and Leibniz with a catalog of tragicomic catastrophes which plague not only Candide and Pangloss but all of mankind infinitely Consider the Great Lisbon Earthuake of 1755 which burst suddenly out of nowhere with all its raging fires and tidal waves to destroy nearly all of the city and the ships in its harbor Is there no end even to the great catastrophes in which man has no hand but from which we are compelled to suffer except for God's grace? Voltaire's vivid and piercing wit is hilarious as he brazenly brings parody to places high and low near and far rich and poor to depict our world as the ultimate dystopia In his novel Candide can only find a semblance of happiness in El Dorado a rich hidden world in South America in other words happiness in real life can only be found in a utopia without a basis for reality So what are we to deduce about Candide? Is he a sometimes violent fool for all his naivete? And is Pangloss not a buffoon who earns his suffering so extensively at every turn of the road for his unjustified unbridled optimism? Or are they heroic for their optimism despite the epic disasters that nearly devastate them time after time Or is their fate really just the human condition and are they both just being all too human? You decide In the course of your reading of this brief novel you may discover as I did that the optimists are constantly challenged by the gap between their optimism and reality and that the pessimists are doomed to be the unhappiest people on the planet because they cannot imagine a world without misery and thereby create it for themselves wherever it doesn't really already exist Take your pick of perspectives as a free human being and challenge your own assumptions about the human condition Clearly Balzac would seem to agree with his compatriot Voltaire that whatever you make of life on this earth surely it is no less than an epic human comedy At least in this life thankfully if you can stand back far enough there is God knows no end to the laughter of the human condition


  5. says:

    I dedicate this review to my dear friend Roger a writer of inspiring reviews This is in great part in answer to your uestion Do you ever read anything light?Roger made me think what major literature work as nothing less would do that I read would fit the definition of light? Of course Candide came up front to my mind And what makes Candide so brilliant and hilarious? Not one think but various factors combined 1 Remarkable characters a hopelessly naïve protagonist for whom you have no choice but be sympathetic with; wastrel nobles besides a motley group from priests to prostitutes philosophers how could Voltaire not include a parody of himself? ending with fanatics and fiends; 2 The absurdity of its plot The plot is dizzying hectic and horrifying while its protagonist goes from nobility to serfdom from penury to extravagance from significance and misery to anonymity and contentment Wholly unconventional And its readers become dazzled by its unfolding events that that despite being absurd are also utterly real; 3 The genius of Voltaire as you turn the pages you realize that’s he is there peeking from behind the curtains into the stage whispering to you It could all be true Oh yes So a long string of jokes creeps from the pages to the reader absurdities that are not so absurd; and enriches the reading experience with insight into its context Candide reveals itself as a long gone road trip Journal of genuine charitable naivety The tragedies and violence are never ending than anybody’s fair share Poor Candide he skips from one misadventure to another gets kicked out of his home; is drafted into the army; gains a fortune loses his fortune; chases the object of his desire all over the world “I should like to know which is worse to be ravished a hundred times by pirates and have a buttock cut off and run the gauntlet of the Bulgarians and be flogged and hanged in an auto da fe and be dissected and have to row in a galley in short to undergo all the miseries we have each of us suffered or simply to sit here and do nothing?” At all his disasters and misfortunes his teacher and traveling companion Dr Pangloss simply rationalizes 'it is all for the best' This is the best possible world we live in and the bad things that occur happen to be the best to show us the blessing of what we have Is that it? Voltaire goes further “'It is demonstrable' said he 'that things cannot be otherwise than as they are; for as all things have been created for some end they must necessarily be created for the best end Observe for instance the nose is formed for spectacles therefore we wear spectacles The legs are visibly designed for stockings accordingly we wear stockings Stones were made to be hewn and to construct castles therefore My Lord has a magnificent castle; for the greatest baron in the province ought to be the best lodged Swine were intended to be eaten therefore we eat pork all the year round and they who assert that everything is right do not express themselves correctly; they should say that everything is best'” How could it not be absurd and hilarious And so Voltaire succeeds in ridiculing his world And in a way our own “All events are linked together in the best of possible worlds; after all if you had not been driven from a fine castle by being kicked in the backside for love of Miss Cunegonde if you hadn't been sent before the Inuisition if you hadn't traveled across America on foot if you hadn't given a good sword thrust to the baron if you hadn't lost all your sheep from the good land of Eldorado you wouldn't be sitting here eating candied citron and pistachios Exhausted Candide finally finds his just retreat we must cultivate our gardenYes Candide is one of my favorite books and it occupies a very special place in that collection


  6. says:

    “If this is the best of possible worlds what then are the others?”If the world was created to drive us mad as one character in Candide suggests it is uite well suited for its purpose and running like a fine tuned machine If on the other hand everything is for the best in this best of possible worlds as the optimist philosopher Pangloss claims in admiration for Leibniz' idea of a benevolent planning organised deity the above uestion is fair and scary What are the other worlds like if this is the best the creator can manage? Candide is born into a garden Eden and taught the dogma of optimistic thinking before being thrown out into the cruel world and embarking on an absurdly funny incredibly brutal and increasingly cynical odyssey around a fictionalised yet recognisable violent and unfair world Consistently striving to understand his surroundings he keeps asking uestions and challenging the people he meets and he keeps reflecting on the events he witnesses such as the earthuake in Lisbon in 1755 How does reality fit in with metaphysical thoughts? Is it possible to reconcile life and faith and satisfy both body and soul while facing the blatant ineuality in the world?In the end Candide resigns himself to his own active but detached business of cultiver notre jardin working to be able to shut out the atrocities of the world He emancipates himself from the philosophical framework of his teacher Pangloss even though he lets him keep on reflecting in his typical way thus demonstrating tolerance than Pangloss himself accomplishesWhen I first read Candide some twenty years ago I thought of it as a roller coaster ride through different societies on a uest to find individual meaning and happiness by figuring out what matters in life I considered the external circumstances and the Leibnizian optimism a highly exaggerated sarcastic joke a backdrop for the development of the idea that bliss is to be found in active yet private pursuit of small scale business without dogmatic allegiances to any creed be it religious social or politicalNow I am not so sure about the exaggeration any having spent decades studying the interactions between human beings and their habit of labelling a total disaster a great win positioning themselves somewhere in the grey zone between delusional optimism brutal cynicism and complete disregard for truthL'optimisme c'est la rage de soutenir ue tout est bien uand on est malIf that is what the leaders of the world support and the majority of populations accept in resignation while minding their own private business how can we ever get to the point of attempting to fix the problems of this best of possible worlds?Acknowledging the issues would be the first step wouldn't it? If we maintain climate change isn't happening we will have human induced catastrophes of the scale of the flood following the Lisbon earthuake If we do not fight injustice and violence but claim it is part of the bigger picture of the best possible of worlds life will continue to be as brutal for our contemporaries as it was for Candide and his friends“I should like to know which is worse to be ravished a hundred times by pirates and have a buttock cut off and run the gauntlet of the Bulgarians and be flogged and hanged in an auto da fe and be dissected and have to row in a galley in short to undergo all the miseries we have each of us suffered or simply to sit here and do nothing?'That is a hard uestion' said Candide” Having grown older and angry at the world I do not agree with the two options presented Life is not either about passively suffering it or withdrawing from the world altogether it is about actively looking for change It is about honestly admitting that we do not live in the best possible of worlds while keeping up the fight to make it a tiny bit better despite feeling despair creeping into our hearts every so often It is about cultiver notre jardin but not hidden away in a remote corner The garden of our shared global community has to be tended It is not oblivious exclusive Eden and never will be But it can be a good enough place to live if the Candides of this world decide to make it a common project one that shows collaborative commitment despite continuous disappointment I still love Candide with all my heart but I think it is about time he applies the knowledge he gained from travelling the world to make it a bearable place to be for all people starting by telling optimistic Pangloss that facts are important than a false mantra hiding the issues under propagandaIl faut cultiver notre planète malgré tout


  7. says:

    I’m afraid this classic and long winded anarchist rant is still as much Over the Top as it always was for meYesStill a bit much indeedSure I see what Voltaire is railing at Effete philosophically liberal posturing without a heartBut aren’t theorists of all stripes NOW or less heartless? Ah for the old Kantian daysNo wonder we’re at our current impasse everywhereSure I know where Voltaire is coming from He’s coming out of a traumatically blighted Childhood at the hands of some very corrupt Christian brothersWe Canadians know the story well ingenuous but disenfranchised poor first nation kids abused at residential schools A truly sad and tragic story And a black blot on our oh so prim history booksFrancois Marie Arouet Voltaire ALSO had a troubled and disenfranchised or less ingenuous youth in similar schools in FranceSure he was also sadly abused physically and he told a scandalized noblewoman at dinner one night sexually Just read Nancy Mitford’s wonderful Masterpiece Voltaire in LoveSo this guy had a palpable and dangerously angry axe to grindExplains a lot don’t it?And Voltaire has been trounced much less soundly than I would have wished or expected in a modern book about his extremely dubious legacy Voltaire’s BastardsThat book was written by the then famous Canadian theorist and former vice regal spouse of Adrienne Clarkson John Ralston SaulBut he hadn’t the intellectual acuity nor the moral fibre to put that book over the topA valiant firecracker of a slightly damaging hit on Voltaire’s modern reputation But Saul was in the wrong political position to even TRY to score a direct hit He had to watch his wordsAnd Voltaire’s amoral descendants need the kind of pervasive damage control we have here now among our medical practicioners to straighten them out Though hardly here in CanadaYikes I really said that?That’s one good thing about our world now though it seldom alas asks uestions and treats its delinuency of compassion as justified In Canada we have what we now call ombudsmen though their hands are tied Our ingrained sense of morality you see has been largely washed away by pop culture here as elsewhereI as a kid found myself in similarly dire straits as Voltaire’s polite and noble once upon a time table partner found herself scandalized by this new minted but outré mindset And the freethinking Pierre Trudeau years took draconian retaliation on the staunchly ethical kid I was and were INVERSELY enraged by my moralism But like Melville’s Billy Budd I didn’t have enough time to adeuately verbalize my rationaleMy drubbing down was total the political atmosphere that made such traditional ‘posturing’ acceptable as it had been in my childhood 1950’s had vanished into vapour and could now be neither understood nor toleratedSo my reversal was simply a naïve harkening back to my childhood training I got to know many such drastically reconditioned souls as myself in the seventies May you all Rest In Peace my poor friendsBut I still resent this book’s easy popularityIt’s STILL a bit too easy and facile coming from a Hume an unabashed root of pure scepticismMuch too easy And where are you Now my sure footed radical friend?Well I firmly believe poor Voltaire is privately ruing his middle aged temerity somewhere high above us in purgatorial fires “whose flame is roses and smoke briars”Be that as it may he must surely at least have resented Robespierre’s brutally revolutionary realignment of his spontaneously angry thoughts And that bitterly“Because” as now probably grieves his hapless spirit “my words were taken out of context”The final words of a badly misunderstood poor human being and not the Olympian he wanted to be But then most opportunists share a similar moral vacuity and inspire the same short lived enthusiasm in others


  8. says:

    panglossian adj characterized by or given to extreme optimism especially in the face of unrelieved hardship or adversity If an English word came from a book's character that must be something If the book was written and first published in the 18th century and many people still read it up to now that must be really somethingI thought Voltaire's Candide was a difficult boring slow long read Wrong Exactly the opposite It's an easy very entertaining fast paced and short only 100 pages read If you are still scared of reading classics pre 1900 give this one a try You will love thisIt tells a story of a man named Candide who falls in love with a materialistic but very beautiful Cunegonde Her barron father of the lady does not approve of the affair so he kicks Candide out from house So Candide wanders around and meets all the misfortunes along the way The novel is a picaresue as the long travel meeting a lot of people and experiencing all the fortunes and misfortunes along the way ends up with Candide enjoying his life and tending the beautiful garden of his estateThis is the reason why I after than 3 years went to our frontyard this morning and tended my overgrown garden I pruned the trees and the shrubs trimmed the plants pulled out some weeds while my daughter helped in shooing away big red ants and removing the cobwebs Reading has these all positive effects on me It can even remind me of the things that I have been forgetting for a long time This novel closes with this line That is well said replied Candide but we must cultivate our garden When I finished reading it last night I said why not? Its complete title is Candide or Optimism because of Candide's tutor Doctor Pangloss who is an extreme optimist that Candide learns to always look at the positive side of things You may say that I liked this book because of that Wrong The positivity of Dr Pangloss is one for the books as it verges on stupidity and it is so funny when Candide remembers him and says I wonder what would Pangloss say if he was here? Having an English word culled from his name is really appropriate He is really one for the booksA life err routine changing novel since I am gardening again after 3 long years of doing nothing at home but reading reading and reading Except of course when am I at Goodreads reading book reviews of my friends clicking the Like button and when I am in front of my desktop killing zombies by throwing plants at themI liked this book


  9. says:

    Zounds This book is wildly entertaining and I giggled all the way through Candide's awful adventures Who would have thought that murder rape slavery sexual exploitation natural disaster pillaging theft and every other oppression imaginable could be so funny?Here's some pretty good insight from the old woman with one buttock I have been a hundred times upon the point of killing myself but still I was fond of life This ridiculous weakness is perhaps one of the dangerous principles implanted in our nature For what can be absurd than to persist in carrying a burden of which we wish to be eased? to detest and yet to strive to preserve our existence? In a word to caress the serpent that devours us and hug him close to our bosoms till he has gnawed into our hearts? We can try to remain optimistic and rationalize that the horrors we witness are all a part of some plan but the choice to keep on living is a truly irrational one given all of the evidence available for us to consider We go on living against our better judgment and in spite of all of our misery It is what we were born to do 'You lack faith' said Candide'It is because' said Martin 'I have seen the world'


  10. says:

    Consider me dramatically and uneuivocally unimpressed I did not laugh once I do not engage with stories that are simple allegory to represent a philosophy I want a little bit of substance I want some storytelling involvedCall it a product of its time if you like but laziness is the word that comes to mind I won't waste any words here


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Candide ou l'Optimisme

Voltaire ç 1 FREE DOWNLOAD

Candide is the story of a gentle man who though pummeled and slapped in every direction by fate clings desperately to the belief that he lives in the best of all possible worlds On the surface a witty bantering tale this eighteenth century Bonjour M Candide Bienvenue au site Goodreads u'en pensez vous? It's OK we can speak English Pour encourager les autres as one might say Eh super I mean good So what do you make of twenty first century Britain? Vraiment sympathiue I am reading of your little scandale with the expenses of the Houses of Parliament It is a great moment for la démocratie Now there will be des élections the people will be able to choose better representatives we will see that the country has become stronger as a result So really it was a good thing? Oh of course all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds What? Including I don't know the Ira War? Absoluement It is similar If M Bush had not started this very unpopular war then the American voters would never have decided to choose M Obama who you can see is the best possible président you could have at this moment très difficile de l'histoire But I think they chose him than anything else because of the economic meltdown? Bien sûr the war on its own would not have been enough la crise économiue also was necessary All is for the best M Candide you think that global warming and the impending collapse of the world's climate is also for the best? Mais ça se voit Because of the global warming la science et la technologie will be forced to make new avances people in all countries will start to work together and we will enter a new golden age Soon it will be as in El Dorado that I visited once in l'Ameriue du Sud Um So I suppose that the spread of AIDS in sub Saharan Africa genocide in Rwanda and Rush Limbaugh are also good things when you look at them from the right angle? Evidement First le SIDA By making drug companies and researchers focus on No wait Forget AIDS What about Stephenie Meyer? Is she a good thing too? Eh oui non this book Fascination how do you say Twilight alors If only my dear Doctor Pangloss was here he could explain to you

FREE DOWNLOAD ☆ SIGMAENCLOSURES.CO.UK ç Voltaire

Classic is actually a savage satiric thrust at the philosophical optimism that proclaims that all disaster and human suffering is part of a benevolent cosmic plan Fast funny often outrageous the French philosopher's immortal narrative takes I dedicate this review to my dear friend Roger a writer of inspiring reviews This is in great part in answer to your uestion Do you ever read anything light?Roger made me think what major literature work as nothing less would do that I read would fit the definition of light? Of course Candide came up front to my mind And what makes Candide so brilliant and hilarious? Not one think but various factors combined 1 Remarkable characters a hopelessly naïve protagonist for whom you have no choice but be sympathetic with; wastrel nobles besides a motley group from priests to prostitutes philosophers how could Voltaire not include a parody of himself? ending with fanatics and fiends; 2 The absurdity of its plot The plot is dizzying hectic and horrifying while its protagonist goes from nobility to serfdom from penury to extravagance from significance and misery to anonymity and contentment Wholly unconventional And its readers become dazzled by its unfolding events that that despite being absurd are also utterly real; 3 The genius of Voltaire as you turn the pages you realize that’s he is there peeking from behind the curtains into the stage whispering to you It could all be true Oh yes So a long string of jokes creeps from the pages to the reader absurdities that are not so absurd; and enriches the reading experience with insight into its context Candide reveals itself as a long gone road trip Journal of genuine charitable naivety The tragedies and violence are never ending than anybody’s fair share Poor Candide he skips from one misadventure to another gets kicked out of his home; is drafted into the army; gains a fortune loses his fortune; chases the object of his desire all over the world “I should like to know which is worse to be ravished a hundred times by pirates and have a buttock cut off and run the gauntlet of the Bulgarians and be flogged and hanged in an auto da fe and be dissected and have to row in a galley in short to undergo all the miseries we have each of us suffered or simply to sit here and do nothing?” At all his disasters and misfortunes his teacher and traveling companion Dr Pangloss simply rationalizes 'it is all for the best' This is the best possible world we live in and the bad things that occur happen to be the best to show us the blessing of what we have Is that it? Voltaire goes further “'It is demonstrable' said he 'that things cannot be otherwise than as they are; for as all things have been created for some end they must necessarily be created for the best end Observe for instance the nose is formed for spectacles therefore we wear spectacles The legs are visibly designed for stockings accordingly we wear stockings Stones were made to be hewn and to construct castles therefore My Lord has a magnificent castle; for the greatest baron in the province ought to be the best lodged Swine were intended to be eaten therefore we eat pork all the year round and they who assert that everything is right do not express themselves correctly; they should say that everything is best'” How could it not be absurd and hilarious And so Voltaire succeeds in ridiculing his world And in a way our own “All events are linked together in the best of possible worlds; after all if you had not been driven from a fine castle by being kicked in the backside for love of Miss Cunegonde if you hadn't been sent before the Inuisition if you hadn't traveled across America on foot if you hadn't given a good sword thrust to the baron if you hadn't lost all your sheep from the good land of Eldorado you wouldn't be sitting here eating candied citron and pistachios Exhausted Candide finally finds his just retreat we must cultivate our gardenYes Candide is one of my favorite books and it occupies a very special place in that collection

CHARACTERS Candide ou l'Optimisme

Candide around the world to discover that contrary to the teachings of his distinguished tutor Dr Pangloss all is not always for the best Alive with wit brilliance and graceful storytelling Candide has become Voltaire's most celebrated wor panglossian adj characterized by or given to extreme optimism especially in the face of unrelieved hardship or adversity If an English word came from a book's character that must be something If the book was written and first published in the 18th century and many people still read it up to now that must be really somethingI thought Voltaire's Candide was a difficult boring slow long read Wrong Exactly the opposite It's an easy very entertaining fast paced and short only 100 pages read If you are still scared of reading classics pre 1900 give this one a try You will love thisIt tells a story of a man named Candide who falls in love with a materialistic but very beautiful Cunegonde Her barron father of the lady does not approve of the affair so he kicks Candide out from house So Candide wanders around and meets all the misfortunes along the way The novel is a picaresue as the long travel meeting a lot of people and experiencing all the fortunes and misfortunes along the way ends up with Candide enjoying his life and tending the beautiful garden of his estateThis is the reason why I after than 3 years went to our frontyard this morning and tended my overgrown garden I pruned the trees and the shrubs trimmed the plants pulled out some weeds while my daughter helped in shooing away big red ants and removing the cobwebs Reading has these all positive effects on me It can even remind me of the things that I have been forgetting for a long time This novel closes with this line That is well said replied Candide but we must cultivate our garden When I finished reading it last night I said why not? Its complete title is Candide or Optimism because of Candide's tutor Doctor Pangloss who is an extreme optimist that Candide learns to always look at the positive side of things You may say that I liked this book because of that Wrong The positivity of Dr Pangloss is one for the books as it verges on stupidity and it is so funny when Candide remembers him and says I wonder what would Pangloss say if he was here? Having an English word culled from his name is really appropriate He is really one for the booksA life err routine changing novel since I am gardening again after 3 long years of doing nothing at home but reading reading and reading Except of course when am I at Goodreads reading book reviews of my friends clicking the Like button and when I am in front of my desktop killing zombies by throwing plants at themI liked this book


About the Author: Voltaire

1694 Age of Enlightenment leader Francois Marie Arouet known as Voltaire was born in Paris Jesuit educated he began writing clever verses by the age of 12 He launched a lifelong successful playwriting career in 1718 interrupted by imprisonment in the Bastille Upon a second imprisonment in which Francois adopted the pen name Voltaire he was released after agreeing to move to London There he wrote Lettres philosophiues 1733 which galvanized French reform The book also satirized the religious teachings of Rene Descartes and Blaise Pascal including Pascal's famed wager on God Voltaire wrote The interest I have in believing a thing is not a proof of the existence of that thing Voltaire's French publisher was sent to the Bastille and Voltaire had to escape from Paris again as judges sentenced the book to be torn and burned in the Palace Voltaire spent a calm 16 years with his deistic mistress Madame du Chatelet in Lorraine He met the 27 year old married mother when he was 39 In his memoirs he wrote I found in 1733 a young woman who thought as I did and decided to spend several years in the country cultivating her mind He dedicated Traite de metaphysiue to her In it the Deist candidly rejected immortality and uestioned belief in God It was not published until the 1780s Voltaire continued writing amusing but meaty philosophical plays and histories After the earthuake that leveled Lisbon in 1755 in which 15000 people perished and another 15000 were wounded Voltaire wrote Poème sur le désastre de Lisbonne Poem on the Lisbon Disaster But how conceive a God supremely good Who heaps his favours on the sons he loves Yet scatters evil with as large a hand?Voltaire purchased a chateau in Geneva where among other works he wrote Candide 1759 To avoid Calvinist persecution Voltaire moved across the border to Ferney where the wealthy writer lived for 18 years until his death Voltaire began to openly challenge Christianity calling it the infamous thing He wrote Frederick the Great Christianity is the most ridiculous the most absurd and bloody religion that has ever infected the world Voltaire ended every letter to friends with Ecrasez l'infame crush the infamy — the Christian religion His pamphlet The Sermon on the Fifty 1762 went after transubstantiation miracles biblical contradictions the Jewish religion and the Christian God Voltaire wrote that a true god surely cannot have been born of a girl nor died on the gibbet nor be eaten in a piece of dough or inspired books filled with contradictions madness and horror He also published excerpts of Testament of the Abbe Meslier by an atheist priest in Holland which advanced the Enlightenment Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary was published in 1764 without his name Although the first edition immediately sold out Geneva officials followed by Dutch and Parisian had the books burned It was published in 1769 as two large volumes Voltaire campaigned fiercely against civil atrocities in the name of religion writing pamphlets and commentaries about the barbaric execution of a Huguenot trader who was first broken at the wheel then burned at the stake in 1762 Voltaire's campaign for justice and restitution ended with a posthumous retrial in 1765 during which 40 Parisian judges declared the defendant innocent Voltaire urgently tried to save the life of Chevalier de la Barre a 19 year old sentenced to death for blasphemy for failing to remove his hat during a religious procession In 1766 Chevalier was beheaded after being tortured then his body was burned along with a copy of Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary Voltaire's statue at the Pantheon was melted down during Nazi occupation D 1778Voltaire 1694 1778 pseudónimo de François